Challenges Faced by Women in Progressing Their Career in The Tourism Industry in Maldives

Authors

  • Nooraneda Mutalip Laidey Asia Pacific University
  • Aishath Imthinan

Keywords:

career progression, gender roles, societal perception, tourism environment

Abstract

This research conducted in the Maldives highlights the challenges faced by local women in advancing their careers in the tourism industry. It reveals disparities in labour force participation and salaries between men and women, emphasizing societal views and obstacles hindering women's progression. Through qualitative methods and interviews with local women, this research identifies socio-cultural perceptions, work environment, skills, training, mentorship, and work-life balance as key barriers. Recommendations include shifting perspectives, implementing inclusive policies, ensuring safety, and increasing women's representation in decision-making roles to enhance women’s participation in the tourism sector. This research contributes to the limited literature on women's career challenges.

References

Alqahtani, T. H. (2019). Barriers to Women's Leadership. Granite Journal: A Postgraduate Interdisciplinary Journal, 3(2), 34-41.

Alrwajfah, M. M., Almeida-García, F., & Cortés-Macías, R. (2020). Females' perspectives on tourism's impact and their employment in the sector: The case of Petra, Jordan. Tourism Management, 78, 104069.

Bandi, R. P., Puri, S., Shafeega, F., Shafeega, M., Waheed, A., & Rishfa, F. (2017). LEADERSHIP ROLE FOR WOMEN: A SURVEY ON GENDER DIVERSITY AND EMPOWERMENT IN MALDIVES. Male': Women on Boards.

Deiana, M., & Fabbri, C. (2020). Barriers to the success of female leaders in the hospitality industry. Research in Hospitality Management, 10(2), 85-89.

Duffy, L. N., Cardenas, D. A., Chancellor, H. C., & Byrd, E. T. (2016). Examining barriers, motivations, and perceptions of women working in the tourism industry: Case study of Ayampe, Ecuador.

FAO. (2019). COUNTRY GENDER ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND THE RURAL SECTOR IN MALDIVES. Male': FAO.

Feng, Z., & Savani, K. (2020). Covid-19 created a gender gap in perceived work productivity and job satisfaction: implications for dual career parents working from home. Gender in Managament, 7(8), 719-736.

Hotel Insider. (2018). Women’s Participation in Tourism. https://hotelinsidermv.com/2018/11/22/womens-participation-in-tourism/

Hui, Z., Rashid, B., & Mohammed, A. A. (2017). A conceptual model of predicting the effects of motivational factors on the students’ career decisions to join hospitality industry in China. Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Management, 5(1), 90-102.

Human Rights Commission of the Maldives. (2015). Submission from Human Rights Commission of the Maldives for the combined Fourth and Fifth Periodic Report of the Republic of Maldives to the United Nations Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) Committee. Male': Human Rights Commission of the Maldives.

IFES. (2015). Qualitative Assessment: Perceptions about Women’s Participation in Public Life in the Maldives. Washington, DC: International Foundation for Electoral Systems.

International Finance Corporation. (2017). Women and tourism: Designing for inclusion. World Bank.

International Labour Organisation. (2020). Violence and harassment at work: A practical guide for employers. ILO.

Jucan, M. S., & Jucan, C. N. (2013). Gender Trends in Tourism Destination. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9(2), 437-444

Litwin, A., Ngan, H. F. B., & Atembe, R. (2019). Attitudes towards female managers in Austrian and Macau tourism industry. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 39, 1-8.

Khalid, S., Dan, W., Sohail, A., Raza, W., Khalid, B., & Ur-Rehman, A. (2021). Empowering women at the higher institutional level: analysis of business education and leadership training program. Business, Management and Economics Engineering, 19(1), 150-169.

Madanchian, M., Hussein, N., Noordin, F., & Taherdoost, H. (2017). Leadership Theories; an Overview of Early Stages (1 ed.). LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Maldives Bureau of Statistics. (2022). Maldives Population and Housing Census 2022. Maldives Bureau Of Statistics. https://census.gov.mv/2022/wp-content/uploads/2023/03/Provisional-Result-Publication.pdf

Maldives Independent (2018). Survey underscores huge income gap between Malé and atolls. https://maldivesindependent.com/society/survey-underscores-huge-income-gap-between-male-and-atolls-139188

Nagar, K. (2021). Representation of women managers in hospitality and tourism: a content analysis of related magazine articles. Gender in Management: An International Journal, 36(3), 329-348.

National Bureau of Statistics. (2020). International Women's Day. http://statisticsmaldives.gov.mv/nbs/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Womens-Day-2020.pdf

Nyaruwata, S., & Nyaruwata, L. T. (2013). Gender equity and executive management in tourism: Challenges in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. African Journal of Business Management, 7(21), 2059-2070.

Parker, K. (2015). Women more than men adjust their careers for family life. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/10/01/women-more-than-men-adjust-their-careers-for-family-life/

Remington, J., & Kitterlin-Lynch, M. (2018). Still pounding on the glass ceiling: A study of female leaders in hospitality, travel, and tourism management. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 17(1), 22-37.

Rinaldi, A., & Salerno, I. (2020). The tourism gender gap and its potential impact on the development of the emerging countries. Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, 54(5), 1465-1477.

UNWTO. (2019). Global Report on Women in Tourism (Second Edition ed.). Madrid: UNWTO.

Women On Boards. (2017). Leadership Role for Women A National Survey On Gender Diversity In Maldives. Male', Maldives: Women on Boards.

World Bank. (2022). GDP (current US$)- Maldives. World Bank. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=MV

Zhang, J., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Tourism and gender equality: An Asian perspective. Annals of Tourism Research.

Downloads

Published

2024-05-11

How to Cite

Mutalip Laidey , N., & Imthinan , A. (2024). Challenges Faced by Women in Progressing Their Career in The Tourism Industry in Maldives . Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 9(29). Retrieved from https://ebpj.e-iph.co.uk/index.php/EBProceedings/article/view/5983