Economic Diversity by Sustaining Historical Buildings: King Abdul Aziz Palace, as a Case Study

Ahmed Ali Bindajam, Nashwan Abdulkarem Al-Ansi

Abstract


Within the long history, Saudi Arabia has a diverse range of heritage buildings and sites which still exist until today.  Palace of the Emirate in Qebah town is one of the largest historical buildings which were built by order of King Abdul Aziz in 1351 AH in Al-Qassim Region. the palace located in the center of Qebah town, Qassim Region which is one of the oldest heritage sites in Arab Saudi.  Saudi Vision 2030 is a plan to reduce Saudi Arabia's dependence on oil, diversify its economy, and develop public service sectors such as infrastructure, recreation and tourism. The study discusses the sustainability of historical buildings in Qebah town, Al Qassim Region with the help of the implementation of conservation policies. The study also clarifies the interest of the local residents on conservation heritage buildings and whether they have any interest on the matter. It is a necessary measure as the local residents themselves will mostly be the initiator for the success of the heritage building conservation efforts later. Therefore, case study was chosen as the research method in order to investigate the significance of culture and built heritage as part of development growth in Al Qassim Region, as well as to identify the strategies in deciding development over conservation, in order to achieve economic diversity. The first part of the study has employed a theoretical analytically approach to understand the conservation policies.  however, the second part has carried out field study (site observations, photographs, interviews and questionnaire) in the chosen case study area. The findings of the study suggest that the building within the area is well sustained; with extra efforts on conserving these buildings can bring immense benefits to the country. The study recommends some strategies are needed to ensure the continuous use and sustainability of the buildings.

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bsby e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, UniversitiTeknologi MARA, Malaysia.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i10.1556

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