Reconsidering the World Heritage Potential of the Kinta Valley Post-Industrial Mining Landscape, Malaysia

Suriati Ahmad, David S. Jones, Nadiyanti Mat Nayan

Abstract


The distinct landscape of the Kinta Valley is undeniably unique in its capacity in narrating significant phases and processes in Peninsular Malaysia’s history and culture. While tin mining brought about massive development to the Valley’s landscape, evidenced in the making of modern Kinta and Kampar Districts today, and Malaysia generally, this paper focuses on the potential of Kinta Valley as a World Heritage Listed mining cultural landscape. The rich cultural tapestry that is evident today across the Valley’s mining lands provides a significant living platform to understanding and appreciating the diversity of Malaysia’s cultural landscapes and in particular, offering a new perspective about industrial heritage values to Malaysia’s domestic and international tourism catchments. 

Keywords: Cultural Landscape as Heritage; Heritage Conservation; Post-Industrial Mining Landscape; Kinta Valley.

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i11.1736             

 


Keywords


Cultural Landscape as Heritage; Heritage Conservation; Post-Industrial mining landscape; Kinta Valley

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, S. (2018). Cultural landscape study of the Kinta Valley post-industrial mining landscape, Malaysia. (Doctor of Philosophy), Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

Ahmad, S., & Jones, D. (2015a, 5-8 November). Justifying the cultural landscape significance of the Kinta Valley post-industrial mining landscape, Malaysia. In Australia ICOMOS Conference 2015), Adelaide, Australia.

Ahmad, S., & Jones, D. (2015b). Making sense of heritage mining landscape conservation in Malaysia: potential and challenges. In 21st International Sustainable Development Research Society Conference (ISDRS)), Geelong, Australia.

American Society of Landscape Architects. (2010). Interview with Franceso Bandarin, Director, UNESCO World Heritage. ASLA News. Retrieved from http://www.asla.org/ContentDetail.aspx?id=25842

Australia ICOMOS. (2013). The Burra Charter: the Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance 2013. Australia: Australia ICOMOS Incorporated.

Ballinger, R. (2012). Cultural landscapes training manual: a guide for historical societies. Australia: Federation of Australian Historical Societies Inc.

Drew, G. (2012). Interpreting South Australia's mining heritage. from http://www.docstoc.com/docs/117453949/Interpreting-South-Australia-Mining-Heritage ; accessed 1 July 2013.

Hardesty, D. L., & Little, B. J. (2009). Assessing site significance: a guide for archeologists and historians. United Kingdom: Altamira Press.

Ingham, F. T., & Bradford, E. F. (1960). Geology and mineral resources of the Kinta Valley, Perak. Malaysia: Geological Survey Headquaters.

Joint ICOMOS-TICCIH. (2011). Principle for the Conservation of Industrial Heritage Sites, Structures, Areas and Landscapes. 17th ICOMOS General Assembly, Paris: ICOMOS-TICCIH.

Jones, W. R. (1925). Tinfields of the world London : Mining Publications Limited.

Khoo, S. N., & Lubis, A. R. (2005). Kinta Valley: pioneering Malaysia's modern development: Areca Books.

Lennon, J. (1997). Case study of the cultural landscapes of the Central Victorian goldfields: Department of the Environment.

National Heritage Department. (2018). Daftar warisan. Retrieved September, 2018, from http://www.heritage.gov.my/ms/

Noble, B. J., & Spude, R. (1992). Guidelines for identifying, evaluating, and registering historic mining properties: U.S. Department of the Interior

Pearson, M., & McGowan, B. (2000). Mining heritage places assessment manual: Canberra : Australian Council of National Trusts : Australian Heritage Commission.

Pearson, M., & McGowan, B. (2009). Mining sites in NSW : history and heritage Industry and Investment NSW.

Roe, M., & Taylor, K. (2014). New cultural landscapes: emerging issues, context and themes. In M. Roe & K. Taylor (Eds.), New cultural landscapes. London; New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Rössler, M. (2015). World heritage cultural landscapes. In K. Taylor, A. S. Clair & N. J. Mitchell (Eds.), Conserving cultural landscapes: challenges and new directions. London; New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Smith, A., & Lawrence, S. (2018). Understanding the outstanding universal value of mining sites: evolving international approaches and their implications for reconsidering the World Heritage potential of the Victorian Goldfields. Australia ICOMOS Historic Environment, 30(1), 50-63.

Storm, A. (2014). Post-industrial landscape scars. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Taylor, K. (2008, 29 Sept - 4 Oct). Landscape and memory: cultural landscapes, intangible values and some thoughts on Asia. In 16th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium (1-14), Quebec, Canada.

Taylor, K. (2009). Cultural landscapes and Asia: reconciling international and Southeast Asian regional values. Landscape Research, 34(1), 7-31.

Taylor, K. (2017). Landscape, culture and heritage. Changing perspectives in an Asian context (Doctor of Philosophy ), Deakin University, Australia. Retrieved from http://dro.deakin.edu.au/eserv/DU:30102152/taylor-landscapeculture-2017A.pdf (dul.30102152)

National Heritage Act 2005 Act 645 (2006).

The Kuala Lumpur Tin Market. (2010). Tin story: heritage of Malaysia. Malaysia: The Kuala Lumpur Tin Market (KLTM).

Tin Industry (Research and Development) Board. (1984). Melombong timah di Malaysia [Tin mining in Malaysia]. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The publicity management committee.

UNESCO. (2017). Operational guidelines for the implementation of the world heritage convention Paris, France: UNESCO World Heritage Centre.

UNESCO. (2018). Cultural landscapes. Retrieved July, 2018, from http://whc.unesco.org/en/culturallandscape/




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i11.1736

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.