Windstorm Resilient Rural Housing: Lessons learned in Temerloh, Malaysia


  • Foong Sin Lam Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Jer Vui Lee Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Yeok Meng Ngeow Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman



Rural housing, Windstorm, Resilience, Malaysia


In 2019 alone, Temerloh district located in central Peninsular Malaysia has been hit by unpredictable wind storms in localised areas which damaged more than 185 rural homes.  This research set out to assess the structural vulnerabilities of damaged rural houses to severe winds in Temerloh and lessons learned from windstorm damage through field surveys of damaged homes between March 2019-August 2019 and supplemented by district-level post-windstorm reconnaissance reports prepared by Malaysia Civil Defense Force (APM) and other information gathered from local government. Results indicate poor performance of structural and non-structural building components in resisting high wind loads due to inadequate design, under-strength of failed building materials and defective construction details. The results of this study could have important implications for government agencies, NGOs, builders, and engineers in assisting rural communities in reconstructing windproof resistant homes and planning for future windstorm risk management efforts specially catered to homeowners in Temerloh.

Keywords: Rural housing; Windstorm; Resilience; Malaysia 

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.



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How to Cite

Lam, F. S., Lee, J. V., & Ngeow, Y. M. (2019). Windstorm Resilient Rural Housing: Lessons learned in Temerloh, Malaysia. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 4(12), 279–285.