Development and Validation of the Beverages and Snacks Questionnaire for Malaysian Schoolchildren (BSQ-C)

Noor Fadzlina Hamd, Nyi Nyi Naing, Rohana Abdul Jalil, Shigeru Yamamoto


The intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and snacks have changed and has associated with weight gain in children. However, it is challenging to measure the consumption of SSBs and snacks due to the limitation of existing tools. Aimed for this study was to develop and validate the beverages and snacks questionnaire for schoolchildren (BSQ-C). In testing for internal consistency, the value of Cronbach’s alpha indicated that more than 0.70 is considered an acceptable internal consistency. In conclusion, the BSQ-C developed is valid and reliable to measure the pattern and behaviour of SSBs and snacks intake among schoolchildren.

Keywords: Beverages and snacks questionnaire (BSQ-C); Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs); Snacks; Reliability

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2019. The Authors. It is published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer-review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.




Beverages and snacks questionnaire (BSQ-C); Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs); Snacks; Reliability

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