Exploring Validity and Reliability of U.S. Adult Food Security Module (AFSSM) among Malay Young Adult


  • Khairil Anuar Md Isa
  • Ghazali Masuri
  • Nazrul Hadi Ismail
  • Norazlanshah Hazali




Food insecurity problem is growing public health concern worldwide. Thus, the estimation of the prevalence of food insecurity especially among the younger generation is important. Hence, reliable and valid instrument to access it prevalence is needed especially in Malaysia. A cross-sectional study consisted of n=149 participants were selected. The Cronbach’s alpha and exploratory factor analysis were done to evaluate reliability and validity of the questionnaire. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient indicated acceptable internal consistency for all scores. Exploratory factor analysis showed low-to-high loading. The U.S. food security module is reliable and valid to assess the prevalence of food insecurity among young Malay population.

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies, Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Validity; reliability; food security; young adult 


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How to Cite

Md Isa, K. A., Masuri, G., Ismail, N. H., & Hazali, N. (2016). Exploring Validity and Reliability of U.S. Adult Food Security Module (AFSSM) among Malay Young Adult. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(1), 141-145. https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v1i1.207

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