Interior Design Styles and Socio-demographic Characteristics in Egypt: From the concept of Zeitgeist


  • Rasha Mahmoud Ali El-Zeiny



 Interior design plays an important role in reflecting the social and cultural environments of countries and showing the characteristics of the age. The previous literature has suggested that people’s preferences for interior design styles are influenced by social distinctions, based on education level and age. In this study, we have argued more precisely socio – demographic factors (gender, age, income, major and city) that affect the Egyptians’ preferences for interior design styles, and have discussed to what extent do the people preferences reflect Zeitgeist in Egypt. The findings supported the idea that socio-demographic factors can explain people’s design preferences.

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies, Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Interior design; socio-demographic; Zeitgeist; styles


Beaton, C. (1954). The Glass of Fashion. Doubleday. Chicago.

Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste. Harvard University Press.

Coates, D Watches. (2003). Tell more than time: Product design, information and the quest for elegance. London, UK: McGraw-Hill.

Dichter, E. (1985). Why we dress the way we do. The psychology of fashion, 29-38.

Dormer, P. (1990). The meanings of modern design: Towards the twenty first century. London, UK: Thames & Hudson.

Durmus, S. (2012). Change and Transformation in Architecture: On the Concept of Zeitgeist. Global Built Environment Review, 8(1).

Eero Saarinen. (2006). Shaping the Future. Yale University Press.

Glenn Alexander Magee. (2011). The Hegel Dictionary, Continuum International Publishing Group, p. 262, ISBN 9781847065919.

Hall, T. & Hubbard, P. (1996). The entrepreneurial city: New urban politics, new urban geographies. Progress in human geography, 20(2), 153-1.

Halle, M., & Marantz, A. (1993). Distributed morphology and the pieces of inflection.

Hübsch, H. (1992). The Differing Views of Architectural Style In Relation to the Present Time: In What Style Should We Build?. USA: The Getty Centre.

Laumann, E. O., & House, J. S. (1970). Living room styles and social attributes: The patterning of material artefacts in a modern urban community. Sociology and Social Research, 54(3), 321-342.

Lawrence, R. J. (1987). What makes a house a home? Environment and Behaviour, 19(2), 154-168. Retrieved from

Maria Mackinney. (2010). On The Nature of Trends: A Study of Trend Mechanisms in Contemporary Fashion.

Brenninkmeyer. (1962). The Glass of Fashion, 337.

McLachlan, F. (2013). Architectural colour in the professional palette. New York, NY: Routledge.

New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy. (2005). New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Zeitgeist.

Saarinen, E., Pelkonen, E. L., & Albrecht, D. (2006). Eero Saarinen: Shaping the future. Yale University Press.

Stamps III, A. E. (1990). Use of photographs to simulate environments: A meta-analysis. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 71(3), 907-9. Retrieved from

Tanju, B., (2010). Mimarlık Düşüncesi Tarihi, MIM6602 Postgraduate Course Notes. Yıldız Technical University, unpublished.

Wilson, D. B., Gallagher, C. A., & MacKenzie, D. L. (2010). A meta-analysis of corrections-based education, vocation, and work programs for adult offenders. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 37(4), 347-368.



How to Cite

Mahmoud Ali El-Zeiny, R. (2016). Interior Design Styles and Socio-demographic Characteristics in Egypt: From the concept of Zeitgeist. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(1), 280-290.