The Qualitative Interrelation between Open Spaces and Living Standards in a Residential Complex


  • Sepide Saiedlue
  • Seyed Bagher Hosseini
  • Seyed Abbas Yazdanfar
  • Saeed Norouzian Maleki



From the early 50s onwards the major Iranian cities were subject to a massive immigration. The immediate solution to this crisis was residential complex in the less populated areas. After few decades of accommodating a large number of new citizens in these residential complexes, while having a limited open space, created physical, functional, semantic, environmental, and social problems. Today, the new challenge that confronted the designers and architectures of this field is therefore how to improve the quality of both open spaces and the living condition of the inhabitances and at the same time being able to compete in the housing market with budgetary restrictions on their expenditures.© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies, Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.Keywords: Residential complex open space; open space factors; FANP


Aboullahzadehzadeh, S. M. ( 2011). Consistent with the nature of traditional Iranian architecture, Village Magazine, No. 70, Tehran.

Bentley, et al. (1990). Responsive environments, book designers (M Behzadfar, Translator). Tehran's University of Science and Technology Center.

Chung, S.H. Lee, A.H.L. Pearn, W.L. (2005). Analytic network process (ANP) approach to product mix planning in semiconductor fabrication, International Journal of Production Economics, 96, 15–36.

Einefar, A.R. (2001). Analysis of the relationship between physical design and experience in residential neighborhood, Virtual, 1(1), 28-40.

Einefar, A.R., Ghazizadeh S. N (2010). Typology of Residential Tehran with open standards. Architecture and Utopia: Winter 1389, 3(5), 35-45.

Ghorab, D.A. (2001). The effects of human alienation in the urban environment, Urban Management Journal, 8.

Ghaffari century, A. (1371). The principles of consecutive spaces in urban architecture, platform, Year 2, Issue 6.

Haeri Mazandaran, M. (1388). The House of Culture of Nature, Tehran, Center for Urban and architecture research, printing.

Huang, S. (2006) . A study of outdoor interactional spaces in high-rise housing, Landscape and Urban Planning, 78, 193-204.

Jencks, C. (1985). Modern Movements in Architecture, Penguin Books, Baltimore .

Lang, J. & Moleski, W. (2010). Functionalism Revisited: Architectural Theory and Practice and the Behavioral Sciences. Ashgate Publishing, Farnham

Madanipoor, A. (1379). The design of the urban environment, social and spatial vision process, translated by F. Mortezai, Tehran, processing and urban planning, August 1379.

Mahmoodi, A., Ghazizadeh. S, N. & Mona. A, R. (2011). The Impact of the Architectural Design on the Thermal Comfort of the Outdoor Spaces in Residential Complexes* Case Study: Ekbatan Complex, Phase III. Journal Fine Arts and Architecture, 2(42), 59-70.

Mitchell, G. (2000). Indicators as tools to guide progress on the sustainable development pathway. Sustaining human settlement: A challenge for the new millennium, 55-104.

Mohammadzadeh, R. (2012). Assessment of Spatial and Physical Factors Quality of Sahand New Town Residential Communities Open (Outdoor) Spaces. Journal Fine Arts and Architecture, 3(47), 29-38.

Newman, O. (2006). Defensible Space: People and Design in the Violent City, London, Architectural Press.

Nozari, S. (1383). Open Space Residential Design Guidelines, year 14, No. 39.

Pakzad, Jahānšāh (2009). Syrandyshh in urban (III), Tehran: Shahidi

Waxman, lisa kinch (2004). More than coffee : an examination of people, place and community with implications for design . ph.D. thesis, florida state university.

Zebardast, E. (2011). The Application of Analytic Network Process (ANP) in Urban and Regional Planning. Journal Fine Arts and Architecture, 2(41), 79-90.



How to Cite

Saiedlue, S., Hosseini, S. B., Yazdanfar, S. A., & Maleki, S. N. (2016). The Qualitative Interrelation between Open Spaces and Living Standards in a Residential Complex. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(1), 300-310.