Virtual Environment as a Design Tool for Sustainable Residential Spaces in Light of Theory of Planned Behavior


  • Hebatalla Sherin Nazmy Interior Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, Helwan University, Mohamed Thakeb Street, Zamalek 11561, Ciro, Egypt



Virtual Environment, Residential Spaces, Sustainable Design, Theory of Planned Behavior


This study aims to reveal the impact of Virtual Environment as a design tool on the interior architect's design behavior towards adopting sustainable residential interior design practices. This approach is guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour as a theoretical framework; the purpose as such would serve to bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and its practical implementation to promote sustainable design practices. Findings revealed that Virtual Environment is anticipated to assist the interior architect in integrating the complex sustainable residential design objectives, and thus positively affect the interior architect's behavioral performance towards embracing sustainable residential design solutions.


Abdel-Hadi, Aleya, & Aboulgheitb, Iman. (2012). Assessing Housing Interior Sustainability in a New Egyptian City. Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences, 565-568. DOI:

Abdel-Hadi, Aleya. (2012). Culture, Quality of life, Globalization and Beyond Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences, 14. DOI:

Abo Neama, Wael Ahmed Shaaban. (2012). Protect our Environment through Developing Architectural Design towards Sustainability by Applying its Principles into Design Tools. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 736. DOI:

Bako, Zinas Zachariah, & Jusan, Mahmud Mohd. (2012). Motivational Factors Influencing Housing Interior Finish Choice and Preference. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 180. DOI:

Bertol, Daniela, & Foell, David. (1997). Designing Digital Space - An Architects Guide to Virtual reality. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 67, 69, 70, 94, 95, 104, 116-118, 126, 212, 221, 222, 225, 310-312.

Coleman, Cindy (2002). Interior Design Handbook of Professional Practice. McGraw-Hill, United States of America, 561, 563, 565, 569, 575, 577.

Cottrell, Michelle. (2014). Guide to the LEED® Green Associate V4 Exam. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New Jersey, 11, 12

Dong, Wei. (1998). Computer Visualization: An Integrated Approach for Interior Design and Architecture McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 4, 6, 10-13, 14, 124, 152, 182, 184.

Glanz, Karen, Rimer, Barbara K., & Viswanath, K. (2008). Health Behaviour and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice. (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., United States of America, 71, 73.

Husin, Sharifah Nor Fairuz Syed, & Harith, Zarina Yasmin Hanur. (2012). The Performance of Daylight through Various Type of Fenestration in Residential Building. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197. DOI:

Ismail, Faridah, Jabar, Izatul Laili, Janipha, Nurul Afida Isnaini, & Razali, Rozana. (2015). Measuring the Quality of Life in Low Cost Residential Environment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 272. DOI:

Isnin Zarina, Ramli, Rohaslinda, Hashim, Ahmad Ezanee, & Ali, Irwan M. (2012). Sustainable Issues in Low Cost Housing Alteration Projects. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 394. DOI:

Jamaludina, Nazhatulzalkis, Mohammeda, Nurul Izma, Khamidib, Mohd Faris, & Abdul Wahaba, Suriani Ngah. (2015). Thermal Comfort of Residential Building in Malaysia at Different Micro-Climates. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 615. DOI:

Jones, John Christopher. (1980). Design Methods-seeds of human future; John Wiley & Sons Ltd., U.K, 3, 4, 10-12.

Ken Sanders, AIA. (1996). The Digital Architect.John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, 96, 97, 405.

Keonil, Nuchnapang, & Sahachaisaeree, Nopadon. (2012). Architectural Design towards Energy Optimization: A Case of Residential Buildings in Bangkok. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 285, 286. DOI:

Kim, Do-Young, Choe, Yoon, & Kim, Sung-Ah. (2015). Implementing a Digital Model for Smart Space Design: Practical and Pedagogic Issues. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3306. DOI:

Lawson, Bryan. (1980). How Designers Think. The Architectural Press Ltd., London, 24-25, 40, 43, 47, 64, 72, 86-99.

Mahmud, Shahril Anwar, Ahmad, Abdullah Sani & Abdullah, Aminatuzuhariah Megat. (2012). Lifestyle Orientation and the Residential Environment: An Exploratory Review. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 306. DOI:

Memikoğlua, İpek. (2014). Utilization of Second Life as a Tool for Spatial Learning in Interior Architecture. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1289 DOI:

Musaa, A.R., Abdullaha, N.A.G., Che-Ania, b, A.I., Tawilla, b, N.M., & Tahira, M.M. (2012). Indoor Environmental Quality for UKM Architecture Studio: An Analysis on Lighting Performance. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 318. DOI:

Nazmy, H.S. (2013). Virtual Environment as a Design Tool for Residential Spaces. (Unpublished master's thesis). Helwan University, Egypt.

Norouzia, Nima, Shabakb, Maryam, Rashid Bin Embic, Mohamed, & Khand, Tareef Hayat. (2015). The architect, the client and effective communication in architectural design practice. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 637. DOI:

Pieter den Hartog, Johannes. (2004). Designing Indoor Climate: A thesis on the integration of indoor climate analysis in architectural design, 3-5.

Pile, John F. (2007). Interior Design. Pearson Education, Inc., New Jersey, 37, 38, 60-65, 139, 140.

Porter, Tom (1979). How Architects Visualize. Cassell Ltd, London, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 27, 28, 60-63, 70, 91, 180.

Haddad, Robert. (2014). Research and Methodology for Interior Designers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 285. DOI:

Smithies, K. W. (1981). Principles of Design in Architecture. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd., New York, 3-5, 34, 35, 39-42, 44-46, 55-57.

Suyoto, William, Indraprastha, Aswin, & Purbo, Heru W. (2015). Parametric Approach as a Tool for Decision-making in Planning and Design Process. Case study: Office Tower in Kebayoran Lama. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 328. DOI:

Unwin, Simon. (1997). Analyzing Architecture. Routledge, London, 25-27, 29-31, 33, 44, 45, 53, 54, 77, 86-87.

Whyte, Jennifer. (2002). Virtual Reality and the Built Environment. Architectural Press, Great Britain, 3, 4, 7. 51, 53, 54-56, 60, 66, 68, 78-80, 92-96




How to Cite

Nazmy, H. S. (2016). Virtual Environment as a Design Tool for Sustainable Residential Spaces in Light of Theory of Planned Behavior. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(1), 311–319.