Household Accounting: A case study of Johor


  • Norhayati Alias Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam Malaysia
  • Raziah Mohamed Sadique Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan Malaysia
  • Noraizah Abu Bakar Faculty of Accountancy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor Malaysia
  • Dini Onasis Faculty of Commerce, Universiti Lancang Kuning Riau Indonesia



The pattern of spending among households is vital in ensuring the financial stability of households, especially during a crisis. This study explores the pattern of managing household accounting (consumption and income) among Johor citizens. Secondary data was obtained from the Statistics Department 2019 report. Descriptive statistical analysis was carried out to explore the patterns of 13 groups of consumption among three income groups: B40, M40, and T20. Housing and utility expenses are the highest consumptions, followed by food and non-alcoholic beverages. This study is limited to Johor state. A future study could widen the sample to the whole of Malaysia.

Keywords: household, household accounting, income, consumption

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2021. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians/Africans/Arabians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.




How to Cite

Alias, N., Mohamed Sadique , R., Abu Bakar, N. ., & Onasis, D. . (2021). Household Accounting: A case study of Johor . Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 6(18), 257-261.