Expert Evaluation on the Content Validity of the Novice Teachers’ Assessment Inventory (InPGN)


  • Muslihaza Musikin SMK Sg Ramal, Bangi, Malaysia
  • Mohd Effendi a.k.a. Ewan Mohd Matore Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia
  • Norazlinda Mohamad Europasia Engineering Services Sdn. Bhd, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia



Content Validity, Assessment Literacy , Novice Teacher, Expert Concensus


This study aims to evaluate the validity of the Novice Teachers' Assessment Inventory (InPGN) utilizing expert consensus perspectives and the Content Validity Index (CVI). A total of 97 items involved nine experts from assessment literacy, psychometrics, and language field by using purposive sampling. Validity tests found that InPGN has a CVI value of 0.98, indicating a very high level of instrument suitability. An implication of this remains expected to provide an excellent measurement tool in helping novice teachers improve their professional development in a more authentic assessment dimension.


Abu Mansor, N. (2017). Pengukuran pengetahuan, amalan dan integriti pentaksiran bilik darjah dalam kalangan guru Reka Bentuk dan Teknologi. [Master’s thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia]. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Almanasreh, E., Moles, R. & Chen, T.F. (2019). Evaluation of methods used for estimating content validity. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 15(2): 214–221. DOI:

Curriculum Development Division (BPK)(2018). Panduan Pelaksanaan Pentaksiran Bilik Darjah. Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (1st ed.). Curriculum Development Division. Pelaksanaan Pentaksiran Bilik Darjah 2018.pdf.

Creswell, J.W. (2014) Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA.

Davis, L.L. (1992). Instrument review: Getting the most from a panel of experts. Applied Nursing Research, 5(4): 194–197. DOI:

Deluca, C., Lapointe-mcewan, D. & Luhanga, U. (2016). Approaches to classroom assessment inventory: A new instrument to support teacher assessment literacy. Educational Assessment, 21(4): 248–266. DOI:

Fraenkel, J.R. & Wallen, N.E. (2009). How to design and evaluation research in education. (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Gotch, C.M. & French, B.F. (2014). A systematic review of assessment literacy measures. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 33(2): 14–18. DOI:

Grant, J.S. & Davis, L.L. (1997). Selection and use of content experts for instrument development. Research in Nursing & Health, 20(3): 269–274.<269::AID-NUR9>3.0.CO;2-G DOI:<269::AID-NUR9>3.0.CO;2-G

Hopfenbeck, T.N. (2019). Assessment literacy across contexts and competencies. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice, 26(2): 119–122. DOI:

Koloi-Keaikitse, S. (2012). Classroom assessment practices: A survey of Botswana primary and secondary school teachers. [Doctoral dissertation, Ball State University].;sequence=1

Lynn, M.R. (1986). Determination and quantification of content validity. Nursing Research, 35(6): 382–386. DOI:

Pastore, S. & Andrade, H.L. (2019). Teacher assessment literacy: A three-dimensional model. Teaching and Teacher Education, 84: 128–138. DOI:

Polit, D.F. & Beck, C.T. (2006). The content validity index: Are you sure you know what’s being reported? Critique and recommendations. Research in Nursing & Health, 31(4): 341–354.

Polit, D.F., Beck, C.T. & Owen, S. V. (2007). Is the CVI an acceptable indicator of content validity? Appraisal an recommendations. Research in Nursing & Health, 30(4): 459–467. DOI:

Rubio, D.M., Berg-Weger, M., Tebb, S.S., Lee, E.S. & Rauch, S. (2003). Objectifying content validity: Conducting a content validity study in social work research. Sosial Work Research, 27(2): 94–104. DOI:

Stiggins, R.J. (1991). Assessment literacy. The Phi Delta Kappan, 72(7): 534–539.

Suah See Ling. (2012). Analisis Model Literasi dan amalan pentaksiran guru sekolah serta kajian tentang jurang antara keduanya. [Doctoral thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia]. School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Willis, J., Adie, L. & Klenowski, V. (2013). Conceptualising teachers’ assessment literacies in an era of curriculum and assessment reform. Australian Educational Researcher, 40(2): 241–256. DOI:

Yaghmaie, F. (2003). Content validity and its estimation. Journal of Medical Education, 3(1): 25–27.




How to Cite

Musikin, M., Mohd Matore, M. E. a.k.a. E., & Mohamad, N. (2023). Expert Evaluation on the Content Validity of the Novice Teachers’ Assessment Inventory (InPGN). Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 8(SI15), 107–112.