Comparison of Physical Performances with Cognitive Functions and Fear of Falls among Elderly with and without Diabetes Mellitus


  • Azliyana Azizan Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
  • Asilah Anum Jabatan Fisioterapi, Fakulti Sains Kesihatan, UiTM Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus Bandar Puncak Alam 42300 Kuala Selangor Selangor Malaysia
  • Noor Amiera Alias Jabatan Fisioterapi, Fakulti Sains Kesihatan, UiTM Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus Bandar Puncak Alam 42300 Kuala Selangor Selangor Malaysia



Diabetes, Elderly, Fear of falls, Physical performances


Diabetes elderly may experience fear of falls, poor balance and weaker lower limb strengths. The tasks to complete in their daily activities will become very challenging. Therefore, this study aims to compare the physical and cognitive functions towards fear of falls among 80 community-dwelling elders with and without diabetes mellitus. The findings revealed that diabetes elderly would affect their cognitive functions, high risk of falls and reduced their physical activities. Conclusion, the strengths and balances components need to be included in their daily exercise regime to reduce the risk of falls as well as improves cognitive functions.

Keywords: Diabetes; Elderly; Fear of falls; Physical performances

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.


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How to Cite

Azizan, A., Anum, A., & Alias, N. A. (2018). Comparison of Physical Performances with Cognitive Functions and Fear of Falls among Elderly with and without Diabetes Mellitus. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 3(9), 46–54.

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