The Application of Geographic Information System for Analysis of Using Pattern of Tha Pae Gate, Chiang Mai, THAILAND

Phichayapa Tammikakul


Public Square is commonly found in the heart of a traditional town, used as a space for community gatherings and a variety of activities for people within the community. The mentioned activities can take essential part in the local community developments. Besides being used as the space for various activities, the public square can also indicate the identity and meaning of the town which is related to the living condition of its people (Carr,1992). Moreover, the concept of a public square utilization concerns to the activities happening within the space. This can be achieved by understanding the necessities and needs of people within the community towards the space, in order to meet the needs of users effectively, to express the identity of the area itself and to impress those who utilize the space. Therefore, it is highly essential and practical to conduct public square usage behavior survey in order to understand the user behavior pattern formed by the usage of people within the area.

The purpose of this research is to utilize the Geographic Information System (GIS) as the tool to collect the data of public square usage behavior. The initial step was to create the area map using geographical coordinates of Tha-Pae Gate square, combined with field surveys in order to ensure the accuracy of user data collected by the tools. Then, divided the collected user data into different time intervals according to all coordinates of the users collected by GIS tool from the former step. The final step was to process all collected data with the computer software called ArcGIS10.1. The result of the process by the software was highly positive, this means that the software “ArcGIS10.1” can be used to process public square usage behavior pattern from the collected data. The result could also be used for the further analysis in any upcoming related researches.

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bsby e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, UniversitiTeknologi MARA, Malaysia.

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