Mapping the “Mahkota Atap Masjid” or Decorative Roof Finial of Traditional Mosques in Malacca

Ros Mahwati Ahmad Zakaria, Nurfarahhanna Ismail, Zuliskandar Ramli, Muhammad Shafiq Mohd Ali


Decorative roof finials, also known as Mahkota Atap Masjid, are a unique identity and hallmark of Islam in Malacca. Today, there are more than 160 mosques throughout the state of Malacca, however, only 38 of them have a decorative roof finial. Therefore, the objectives of this research are: to map the location of these mosques and document their designs for heritage documentation. This research applies a qualitative methodology using air photography via drone (model DJI Phantom 3 Standard) for data documentation and typological analysis for establishing types of designs to study.

Keywords: Mosque; Islam; Malay; Architecture

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.



Mosque; Islam; Malay; Architecture

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