Mapping the “Mahkota Atap Masjid” or Decorative Roof Finial of Traditional Mosques in Malacca

Authors

  • Ros Mahwati Ahmad Zakaria Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43600,Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nurfarahhanna Ismail Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43600,Selangor, Malaysia
  • Zuliskandar Ramli Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43600,Selangor, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Shafiq Mohd Ali Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43600,Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i11.1760

Keywords:

Mosque, Islam, Malay, Architecture

Abstract

Decorative roof finials, also known as Mahkota Atap Masjid, are a unique identity and hallmark of Islam in Malacca. Today, there are more than 160 mosques throughout the state of Malacca, however, only 38 of them have a decorative roof finial. Therefore, the objectives of this research are: to map the location of these mosques and document their designs for heritage documentation. This research applies a qualitative methodology using air photography via drone (model DJI Phantom 3 Standard) for data documentation and typological analysis for establishing types of designs to study.

Keywords: Mosque; Islam; Malay; Architecture

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i11.1760             

 

References

Abdul Halim Nasir. (2004). Mosque Architecture in the Malay World. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Jamaludin. J, P. Salura. (2018). Understanding the Meaning of Triangular Shape in Mosque Architecture in Indonesia. International Journal of Engineering & Technology. 7 (4.7). 458-462.

N. Utaberta, S. D. M. Sojak, M. Surat, A. I. Che-Ani and M.M. Tahir (2012). Typological Study of Traditional Mosque Ornamentation in Malaysia – Prospect of Traditional Ornament in Urban Mosque. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering Vol: 6, No:7, 2012. 457- 464.

Nursuriani Shaffee. Ismail Said. (2013). Types of Floral Motifs and Patterns of Malay Woodcarving in Kelantan and Terengganu. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 105 ( 2013 ) 466 – 475. Retrieved from https://people.utm.my/ismail/files/2015/01/Types-of-Floral-Motifs-and-Patterns-of-Malay-Woodcarving-in.pdf.

Özçakı, M. (2018). Interpreting the Mosque Architecture. ulakbilge, 6(23), 459-483. Retrieved from http://www.ulakbilge.com/makale/pdf/1523218293.pdf.

Siti Dalila Binti Mohd Sojak. Nangkula Utaberta. (2013). Typological Study of Traditional Mosque Ornamentation in Malaysia-Comparison Between Traditional and Modern Mosque. Proceedings International Conference On Architecture And Shared Built Heritage Conference. 101-118. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/4632605/Typological_Study_of_Traditional_Mosque_Ornamentation_in_Malaysia-Comparison_between_Traditional_and_Modern_Mosque

Ros Mahwati Ahmad Zakaria, Siti Nor Azhani Mohd Tohar & Rabiah Abdul Rahman. (2018). Warisan Ketara Seni Islam Tempatan: Mahkota Atap Masjid Tradisional Melaka. Asian Journal of Environment, History and Heritage. Vol. 2. Issue 1, 185-196.

Snodgrass. Andrian. 1985. The Symbolism of the Stupa. New York: South East Asia Program (SEAP).1-36.

Published

2019-07-14

How to Cite

Ahmad Zakaria, R. M., Ismail, N., Ramli, Z., & Mohd Ali, M. S. (2019). Mapping the “Mahkota Atap Masjid” or Decorative Roof Finial of Traditional Mosques in Malacca. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 4(11), 129-136. https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i11.1760