Mosque Development in Malaysia: Is it the product of evolution and social behaviour?
Building of a mosque is a great achievement of the Muslim community. This research aims to introduce the idea of changing uses and meaning of the mosque in contemporary Muslim societies by evaluating the development and social behavior towards spaces in Malaysia mosques. The method is to examine textual reference Al Quran and hadith as a reference and to adopt quantitative and qualitative approach towards typological development of Mosque and social behavior of users in the case studies. Perceptions toward a sanctity of space are preferential to the prayer hall. It is through an honest response to such considerations rather than through a literal expression of past that the mosque of the future will retain their differences and remain close to the spirit of Islam.
© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies, Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Keywords: Mosque development; sanctity space; muslim Malay mosque; interaction of space
Ahmad, A. G. (1999). The Architectural Style of Mosues in Malaysia. Paper presented at the Symposium on Mosque architecture, King Saud University, Riyard, Saudi Arabia.
Al Asad, M. (1990) The Modern State Mosque in the Eastern Arab World, 1828-1923. Havard University.
Baharudin, N.A., & Ismail (2014) Communal Mosques: Design functionality towards the development of sustainability for community, Procedia - Social & Behavioral Sciences 153, 106 – 120
Dewiyanti, D. (2012) Spaces for Muslims Spiritual Meanings, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 50, 969 – 978
Hasan, S. (1990) Masjid sebagai Pusat Peribadatan,Majalah Dakwah, Kuala Lumpur,
Heidaria, A. A. (2014) Making The Public Spaces With Spiritual Strategy in Bushehr, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 159, 722 – 731
Ismail Kamus (1981) Makmurkanlah Masjid Anda. Majalah Menara, Kuala Lumpur,
Meller, & Brewer, J. D. (2003) The A-Z of Social Research, London, Sage Publications.
Mohd Zafrullah M.T. (18 -19 Oktober 2008) Seminar paper ‘Kajian Rekabentuk dan Stail terhadap Senibina Masjid di Malaysia’‘Seminar Kebangsaan Pengurusan Masjid 2008’ at Nilam Puri, Kelantan. Universiti Malaya and Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM).
Mohd Zafrullah M.T. (2009) Islamic Architecture Evolution: Perception and Behaviour, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 49(2012) 293 – 303
Mohd Zafrullah M.T. (2011) Thesis PhD ‘Persepsi masyarakat Melayu terhadap ruang kesucian Masjid’, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Piaw, C. Y. (2006) Asas Statistik Penyelidikan: Kaedah dan Statistik Penyelidikan, Kuala Lumpur, McGraw-Hill.
Prochazka, A. B. (1988) Determinants of Islamic Architecture. Architecture of Islamic Cultural Sphere., Zurich, Switzerland: Muslim Architecture Research Program (MARP). 167.
Salamone, F.A., Encyclopedia of Religious Rites, Rituals and Festival. 2004, New York: Routledge. 555.
Serageldin, I. (1989a) Faith and the Environment: Ann Inquiry into Islamic Principles and the Built Environment of Muslims.
Sidi Gazalba, D. (1983) Islam dan Perubahan Sosiobudaya, Kuala Lumpur, Penerbit Pustaka Antara.
Spahic Omer (2002) Studies in The Islamic Built Enviroment, Kuala Lumpur, International Islamic University Malaysia.
Syed Hossein Nasr. (1971). Sacred Art in Persian Culture.
Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas. (1972). Islam dalam Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Melayu. Kuala Lumpur.
Tajuddin, M. (1998) The Mosque as a Community Development Centre : programme and architectural design guidelines for contemporary Muslim societies, Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Tajuddin, M. (2005). Mosque Architecture in Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Zain, A. (1984) Manafaatkan Masjid untuk Perpaduan, Majalah Dakwah, Kuala Lumpur,
How to Cite
eISSN: 2398-4287 © Year. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.