Identifying Risky Space in Neighbourhood: An analysis of the criminogenic spatio-temporal and visibility on layout design

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Abstract


The distribution of crime is not uniform across either time or space and believed influenced by environmental design. This study examines the layout and identifies the risky space in a residential area of Kuala Lumpur. Four space syntax parameters and three years of burglary data were analysed across two neighbourhoods. The correlation between the burglary rate and the parameter value is carried out to identify the relationship. Results show a significant relationship between visibility parameter and burglary rate while there were similarities temporal pattern for both study areas. Results will help planners and authorities to prevent crime through environmental design.


Keywords


residential burglary; space syntax; natural surveillance; crime pattern

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i12.1908

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