Identifying Risky Space in Neighbourhood: an Analysis of The Criminogenic Spatio-temporal and Visibility on Layout Design


  • Fazzami Othman Universiti Teknologi Mara
  • Zaharah Mohd Yusoff Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Siti Aekbal Salleh Universiti Teknologi MARA



residential burglary, space syntax, natural surveillance, crime pattern


The distribution of crime is not uniform across either time or space and believed influenced by environmental design. This study examines the layout and identifies the risky space in a residential area of Kuala Lumpur. Four space syntax parameters and three years of burglary data analysed across two neighbourhoods. The correlation between the burglary rate and the parameter value carried out to identify the relationship. Results show a significant relationship between visibility parameter and burglary rate while there were similarities temporal patterns for both study areas. Results help planners and authorities to prevent crime through environmental design.

Keywords: residential burglary; space syntax; natural surveillance; crime pattern  

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.


Author Biography

Fazzami Othman, Universiti Teknologi Mara

PhD Student

Department of Surveying Science and Geomatics


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How to Cite

Othman, F., Mohd Yusoff, Z., & Salleh, S. A. (2019). Identifying Risky Space in Neighbourhood: an Analysis of The Criminogenic Spatio-temporal and Visibility on Layout Design. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 4(12), 249–257.