The Elderly (Senior) Housing Preferences among Generations in Malaysia


  • Hafiszah Ismail Centre of Studies for Estate Management, Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Faridah Muhamad Halil Centre of Studies for Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Aida Wati Zainan Abidin Centre of Studies for Statistical and Decision Science, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Sufian Hasim Centre of Studies for Bulding Surveying, Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia



Elderly (Senior) Housing, Aging-in-Place, The Residential Environment Preferences, Generations,


The elderly (senior) is a unique generation with specific housing preferences. This study aims to provide an overview on the elderly housing preferences of the Malaysian generations. The objectives of this study are: (i) To define elderly; (ii) To identify the elderly housing preferences features; and (iii) To determine the elderly housing preferences by different age group (generations). The study adopts mixed-method strategy and revealed; (i) Health; (ii) Safety; (iii) Convenience; (iv) Amenity; and (v) Community as the preferred elderly housing features. This study provides guidance to the main actors of property development on the preferred elderly housing features.

Keywords: Elderly (Senior) Housing; Aging-in-Place; The Residential Environment Preferences; Generations

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2020. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.


Amiri, M. (2018). Problems Faced by Old Age People. The International Journal of Indian Volume 6, Issue 3, pp. 52-62

Bloom, D.E., Canning, D. and Fink, G. (2011), “Implications of population ageing for economic growthâ€, available at:¼1

Boumeester, H. J. F. M. (2011). Traditional Housing Demand Research. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-8894-9

Chalise, H. 2010. Social support and its co-relation with loneliness: a cross-cultural study of Nepales older adults. Aging and Human Development, Vol. 71(2) 115-138, 2010

Creswell, J. W., & Plano, Clark, V. L. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Friedrich, K. and Warnes, A.M. (2000) ‘Understanding contrasts in later life migration patterns: Germany, Britain and the United States’, Erdkunde, Vol.54, pp. 108-20

Gardner, P. J. (2011). Natural neighborhood networks: important social networks in the lives of older adults aging in place. Journal of Aging Studies, 25, 263–271. doi:10.1016/j.jaging.2011.03.007

Gibler, K. M., Casado-Diaz M.A., Rodriguez, V. And Taltavull P. (2009). Late life second move housing choices of international retiree migrants. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis. Vol.2, No.2. pp190-210

Ismail, H., Aziz, F. & Wahab, A. M. (2019). The Elderly (Senior) Housing Options Preferences Among Malaysian Generations. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. ICCRMBEE2019. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 385 (2019) 012039 IOP Publishing doi:10.1088/1755 1315/385/1/012039

Ismail, H., Shaari, M. S. (2019). Housing decision: the choice between location, house and neighbourhood among malaysian generations. MATEC Web of Conferences 266 (6) (2019):01026. DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201926601026

Läidmäe, V., Tammsaar, K., Tulva, T. & Kasepalu. 2012. Quality of Life of Elderly in Estonia. The Internet Journal of Geriatrics and Gerontology. Vol 7. No 1, 2012

Lim, C. K. (2012). The changing needs of older Malaysians: a Selangor case study.(Doctoral dissertation, Adelaide: University of Adelaide).

Litwak, E. and Longino, C.F. Jr (1987), ‘Migration patterns among the elderly: a developmental perspectiveâ€, Gerontologist, Vol.27, No.3, pp. 266-72.

Longino, C.F. Jr, Jackson, D.A., Zimmerman, R .S. and Bradsher, J. E. (1991). The second move: health and geographic mobility’. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 46, pp. 191-213

Mathews, W.J. (2007) ‘Housing the Aging Baby Boomer Generation: Implications for Georgia Communities’. Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia’s Aging Population: What to Expect and How to Cope Conference. September 26, 2007. Georgia State University, Atlanta.

Mohd Tobi, S. U., Fathi, M. S., Amaratunga, D. (2017). Ageing in Place, an overview for the Elderly in Malaysia. AIP Conference Proceedings 1891, 020101 (2017);

Phillips D.R and Chan A.C.M (2002), Ageing and Long Term Care, National Policies in the Asia Pacific. Asia Pacific Institute of Ageing Studies. Hong Kong.

Speare, A. and Meyer, J.W. (1988) ‘Types of elderly residential mobility and their determinants’. Journal of Gerontology, Vol.43, No.3, pp.S74-81

Wang, D., & Li, S. (2006). Socio-economic differentials and stated housing preferences in Guangzhou, China, 30, 305–326. doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2004.02.009

Warnes, A.M. (1992a) ‘Age-related variation and temporal change in elderly migration’, in Rogers, A. (Ed.), Elderly Migration and Population Redistribution: Comparative Study, Belhaven, London, pp.35-55

Weil, J. and Smith, E. (2016). Revaluating aging in place: from traditional definitions to the continuum of care. Working with Older People, Vol. 20 Issue: 4, pp.223-230

World Health Organization (2011). Global Health and Ageing.

World Health Organization (2017) Global strategy and action plan on ageing and health

World Health Organization (WHO) (2007), Global Age-Friendly Cities: A Guide, Geneva, Switzerland, available at: Guide_English.pdf

World Health Organization. (2007). Global age-friendly cities: a guide. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.




How to Cite

Ismail, H., Muhamad Halil, F., Zainan Abidin, A. W., & Hasim, M. S. (2020). The Elderly (Senior) Housing Preferences among Generations in Malaysia. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(13), 145–154.

Most read articles by the same author(s)