The Effects of Moral Norms, Social Norms and Pro-Environmental Attitude on Travel Behavior In Malaysia


  • Rohana Ngah Malaysian Academy of SME and Entrepreneurship Development, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Maaysia



Public transportation helps to reduce air pollution that creates negative impacts on work performance, work quality, and productivity. The study investigates the effects of moral norms, social norms, and pro-environmental attitudes on the travel behavior of public transport commuters. A survey was carried in Greater Kuala Lumpur, and a total of 904 usable questionnaires were analyzed using Partial Least Squares. The findings showed that a pro-environmental attitude had a weak relationship to travel behavior, but moral norms played a strong instrumental influence when commuters chose public transport. Recommendation and suggestions provided.

Keywords: Travel Behavior; Moral Norms; Social Norms; Pro-environmental Attitude.

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2020. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer-review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.



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How to Cite

Ngah, R. (2020). The Effects of Moral Norms, Social Norms and Pro-Environmental Attitude on Travel Behavior In Malaysia . Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(14), 287–291.