Understandability and Actionability of Web-based Education Materials on Hypertension Management


  • Mohd Ramadan Ab Hamid Centre of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1464-3210
  • Mastura Mohd Isamudin Centre of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Fatimah Najihah Baderol Allam Centre of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Siti Sabariah Buhari Centre of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia




Hypertension, Health promotion, Internet, Website quality


Hypertension websites are widely and easily accessible. This study aims to assess the understandability and actionability of hypertension websites. Eight websites that met the inclusion criteria were included. Eight experts were appointed to evaluate the websites using PEMAT instrument. The overall mean scores for understandability and actionability were 76.08% and 52.83% respectively. One website did not meet the criteria for understandability (score of ≥70%), while almost all materials failed to meet the criteria for actionability (score of ≤70%). In conclusion, this study provides evidence that many of the available hypertension websites can be easily understood but are less actionable.

Keywords: Hypertension; Health promotion; Internet; Website quality

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2020. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer-review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5i14.2230


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How to Cite

Ab Hamid, M. R., Mohd Isamudin, M. ., Baderol Allam, F. N. ., & Buhari, S. S. . (2020). Understandability and Actionability of Web-based Education Materials on Hypertension Management. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(14), 127–133. https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5i14.2230

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