Spatial Ability Skills: A correlation between Augmented Reality (AR) and conventional way on wayfinding system
An urban design has become the latest technology in having a quality life for users. With increasing mobility of individuals, there is an increase in demand for a wayfinding system to people who are on the move. However, research regarding the use, evaluation and effect are limited. This research reviews on the conventional and Augmented Reality (AR) based wayfinding approaches and their correlation with the user’s spatial ability. A set of questionnaires and research framework with the aid of AR prototype will be used to achieve results.
© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Keywords: Wayfinding, Augmented Reality, spatial ability
A Computational Approach for Evaluating the Facilitation of Wayfinding in Environments (2014). Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ramesh_Krishnamurti2/publication/30876045_A_Computational_Approach_for_Evaluating_the_Facilitation_of_Wayfinding_in_Environments/links/00b7d52836c1c32869000000.pdf.
Allen, G. L. (2000). Principles and practices for communicating route knowledge. Applied Cognitive Psychology 14(4), 333-359.
Allen, G. L., Miller, C. R., & Ondracek, P. J. (1997). From knowledge to words to wayfinding: Issues in the production and comprehension of route directions. Proceedings of the International Conference on Spatial Information Theory: A Theoretical Basis for GIS 1329, 363-372.
Anastassova, M., Burkhardt, J-M., Mégard, C., & Ehanno, P. (2005). Results from a user-centred critical incidents study for guiding future implementation of augmented reality in automotive maintenance. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 35(1), 67-77.
Bimber, O. (2012). What's real about augmented reality?. Computer, 45(7), 24-25. doi:10.1109/MC.2012.247.
Braaksma, J. P., ASCE, A. M., & Jordan, W. C. (1980). Human orientation in transportation terminals. Transportation Engineering Journal 106(TE2), 189-202.
Carpman, J.R., & Grant, M.A. (1993). Design that cares: Planning health facilities for patients and visitors. Chicago, Ill: American Hospital Pub.
Dada, E. S., & Wirasinghe, S. C. (1999). Development of a new orientation index for airport terminals. Transportation Research Record 1662, 41-47.
Darken, R.P. (1996). Wayfinding in large-scale virtual worlds. George Washington University.
Darken, R.P., & Peterson, B. (2001). Spatial orientation, wayfinding, and representation. Handbook of Virtual Environment Technology. Stanney, K. Ed. Retrieved from http://web.cs.wpi.edu/~gogo/courses/cs525V/papers/Darken_HVE_2002.pdf.
Denis, M., Pazzaglia, F., Cornoldi, C., & Bertolo, L. (1999). Spatial discourse and navigation: An analysis of route directions in the city of venice. Applied Cognitive Psychology 13, 145-174.
Dünser, A., Grasset, R., & Billinghurst, M. (2008). A survey of evaluation techniques used in augmented reality studies (Technical Report TR-2008-02). New Zealand: Human Interface Technology Laboratory.
Falk, J.H., & Dierking, L.D. (2002). Learning from museums: Visitor experiences and the making of meaning.
Freundschuh, S. M., Gopal, S., Gould, M. D., Mark, D. M., & Couclelis, H. (1990). Verbal directions for wayfinding: Implications for navigation and geographic information and analysis systems. Paper presented at the Proceedings, Fourth International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, Zurich, Switzerland.
Gabbard, J. L., & Swan, J. E. (2008). Usability engineering for Augmented Reality: Employing user-based studies to inform design. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 14, 513-525.
Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind. New York: Basic Books.
Goldiez, B. F., Ahmad, A. M., & Hancock, P. A. (2007). Effects of Augmented Reality display settings on human wayfinding performance. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics—Part C: Applications and Reviews, 37(5). doi=10.1.1.463.6092
Levine, M., Marchon, I., & Hanley, G. (1984). The placement and misplacement of you-are-here maps. Environment and Behavior 16(2):139-157.
Linaza, M., Marimon, D., Carrasco, P., Alvarez, R., Montesa, J., Aguilar, S. R., & Diez, G. (2012). Evaluation of mobile Augmented Reality applications for tourism destinations. In M. Fuchs, F. Ricci, & L. Cantoni, (Eds.), Information and communication technologies in tourism 2012. Proceedings of the International Conference in Helsingborg, Sweden (pp. 260-271). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer- Verlag.
Lynch, K. (1960). The image of the city. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Michon, P.-E., & Denis, M. (2001). When and why are visual landmarks used in giving directions? Spatial information theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science : International Conference, COSIT 2001 Morro Bay, CA, USA, 2205(2001), 292-305.
Montello, D. R. (2007). The contribution of space syntax to a comprehensive theory of environmental psychology. Paper presented at the 6th International Space Syntax Symposium, Istanbul, Turkey.
O’Neill, M. J. (1991). Evaluation of a conceptual model of architectural legibility. Environment and Behavior 23(3):259-284.
Paelke, V., & Sester, M. (2010). Augmented paper maps: Exploring the design space of a mixed reality system. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 65(3), 256-265. doi:10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2009.05.006.
Passini, R. (1984). Wayfinding in architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc.
Passini, R. (1984). Wayfinding in architecture. Van Nostrand Reinhold Nova York; 1992. McGraw-Hill Book CO. New York, USA.
Prall, D. (2014). Wayfinding, urban design and the brain. The American City & County. Penton Media, Inc., Penton Business Media, Inc. Retrieved from http://americancityandcounty.com/roadways/wayfinding-urban-design-and-brain.
Raubal, M., & Worboys, M. (1999). A formal model of the process of wayfinding in built environments. Spatial information theory. Cognitive and Computational Foundations of Geographic Information Science: International Conference COSIT’99, (1661)1999, 381-400.
Seidel, A. (1982). Way-finding in public spaces: The Dallas/Fort Worth, USA Airport. 20th International Congress of Applied Psychology. Edinburgh, Scotland.
Shanon, B. (1983). Answers to where-questions. Discourse Processes 6, 319-352.
Sorby, S. A. (1999). Developing 3D spatial visualization skills. Engineering Design Graphics Journal, 63(2), 21–32.
Sorrows, M. E., & Hirtle, S. C. (1999). The nature of landmarks for real and electronic spaces. Spatial Information Theory. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1661, 37-50.
Stanney, K. M., & Salvendy, G. (1995). “Information visualization: Assisting low spatial individuals with information access tasks through the use of visual mediators,”. Ergonomics, 38, 1184–1198.
Swan, J. E., & Gabbard, J. L. (July, 2005). Survey of user-based experimentation in augmented reality. In Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Virtual 145 Reality, HCI International. Retrieved from http://people.cs.vt.edu/~jgabbard/publications/hcivr05.pdf.
Weisman, J. (1981). Evaluating architectural legibility: Way-finding in the built environment. Environment and Behavior 13(2):189-204.
Yovcheva, Z., Buhalis, D., & Gatzidis, C. (2012). Overview of smartphone augmented reality applications for tourism. In ENTER 2012 Special Issue - e-Review of Tourism Research (eRTR), 10(2). Retrieved from http://ertr.tamu.edu
How to Cite
eISSN: 2398-4287 © Year. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.