The Malay Settlement: A vanishing world?


  • Azli Abdullah Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Ekistic, University Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Julaihi Wahid Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, UNIMAS, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Nashwan Abdulkarem Al-Ansi College of Architecture and Planning, Al-Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
  • Engku Nasri Engku Mohd Ariffin Arkitek Teras Sdn Bhd, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia



Malay settlement, urbanization, natural calamity


Questions have been raised regarding urbanisation, in which the Malay culture is forgotten. This paper uses a mixed-method by way of a case study on the eight Malay settlements in Kota Bharu. Three hundred fifty questionnaires were distributed, while random interviews provided a more precise explanation of the Malay community in the real world. Traditionally, this settlement is inhabited by Malays and is well known for its high culture and architectural values. This study found that urbanisation has critically influenced the culture and identity of Malay communities in their settlements. The loss of the Malay settlements in Kota Bharu led to the loss of the Malay culture and identity in the community.

Keywords:  Malay community, Malay settlement, Malay culture, urbanisation

eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2022. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians/Africans/Arabians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.




How to Cite

Abdullah, A. ., Wahid , J. ., Abdulkarem Al-Ansi , N. ., & Mohd Ariffin , E. N. E. . (2022). The Malay Settlement: A vanishing world?. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 7(20).