Determinants of FELDA Settlers’ Wellbeing and Sustainability: The mediating role of corporate responsibility


  • Zaimy Johana Johan Malaysia Institute of Transport (MITRANS), UiTM Shah Alam, Malaysia. Department of Technology and Supply Chain Management Studies, Faculty of Business and Management, UiTM Puncak Alam, Malaysia.
  • Nor Intan Adha Hafit Department of International Business and Management Studies, Faculty of Business and Management, UiTM Puncak Alam, Malaysia
  • Clarashinta Canggih Islamic Economics Study Program, Centre for Education in Islamic Finance, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Nur Aini Farhanah Zamri Department of Postgraduate and Professional Studies, Faculty of Business and Management, UiTM Shah Alam, Malaysia



FELDA settlers, Wellbeing, Sustainability, Corporate Responsibility


Over the past years, indefinite harvests in the palm oil and rubber sectors have amplified the pressure on FELDA settlers, especially those living in rural areas. Fortunately, with the government support of financial aid amounting to RM6.23bil, FELDA is expected to expedite a new business model in salvaging the settlers and ensuring their sustainability. The concerns on the palm oil industry and FELDA settlers' wellbeing have inspired researchers to investigate the issues and challenges, and the findings postulate that immediate resolution is vital to ameliorate settlers' wellbeing and for them to sustain and uphold the palm oil and rubber business.


Abdullah, A., Wahid, J., Titisari, E. Y., & Engku Mohd Ariffin, E. N. (2022). The Impact of Urbanisation and the Changing Environment of the Malay Settlement. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 7(21), 95-100. DOI:

Adnan, H. (2019, April). Felda gets lifeline. The Star, 1–5.

Bananuka, J., Tauringana, V. & Tumwebaze, Z. (2021). Intellectual capital and sustainability reporting practices in Uganda. Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. aheadof- print No. ahead-0f-print, doi: 10.1108/JIC-01-2021-0019. DOI:

Bergman, M. M., Bergman, Z., & Berger, L. (2017). An empirical exploration, typology, and definition of corporate sustainability. Sustainability (Switzerland), 9(5). DOI:

Bhagwat, P. (2011). Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development. Conference on Inclusive and Sustainable Growth, Institute of Management Technology (IMT).

Chin, W. W., Marcolin, B. L., & Newsted, P. R. (2003). A partial least squares latent variable modeling approach for measuring interaction effects: results from a monte carlo simulation study and an electronic-mail emotion adoption study. Information Systems Research, 14(2), 189-217. DOI:

Elkington, J. (2013). Enter the triple bottom line. The Triple Bottom Line: Does It All Add Up, 1(1986), 1–16.

Hair, J., Risher, J., Sarstedt, M.,& Ringle, C. (2019), When to use and how to report the results of PLS-SEM. European Business Review, 31(1), 2-24. DOI:

Hair, J. F., Hult, T., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2022). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. DOI:

Jammalamadaka, S. R., Taufer, E., & Terdik, G. H. (2021). On multivariate skewness and kurtosis. Sankhya A, 83, 607–644. DOI:

Januškaite, V. & Užiene, L. (2018). Intellectual capital as a factor of sustainable regional competitiveness. Sustainability, 10, 4848. DOI:

Johan, Z.J & Taib, M.N. (2021). Smart FELDA: Sustainability and Smart City Approach, IEEE MITRANS International Logistics & Transport Conference (IEEE MILTC 2020) Proceedings, 47-49

Johan, Z. J., ZAMRI, N. A. F., & Canggih, C. (2022). Mediating Effect of Corporate Sustainability Strategy on Wellbeing and Sustainability of FELDA Settlers. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 7(21), 381-387. DOI:

Johansson, M., Hiswåls, A. S., Svennberg, L., & Macassa, G. (2022). What do we know about corporate social responsibility and stakeholders' physical activity? A Public Health Perspective. Journal of Public Health Research, 11(2) DOI:

Khor, Y., Saravanamuttu, J., & Augustin, D. (2015). The Felda case study. LMC International Limited for the Sustainable Palm Oil Manifesto group, http://www.carbonstockstudy. com/carbonstockstudy/files/94/94ad98bf-119c-47c5-a355-1900822a6e04. pdf (accessed 21 June 2016).

Kock, N. (2015). Common method bias in PLS-SEM: A full collinearity assessment approach. International Journal of e-Collaboration, 11(4), 1-10. DOI:

Liang, H., & Renneboog, L. (2020). Corporate social responsibility and sustainable finance: A review of the literature. European Corporate Governance Institute–Finance Working Paper, (701). DOI:

Maak, T., Pless, N. M., & Voegtlin, C. (2016). Business statesman or shareholder advocate? CEO responsible leadership styles and the micro‐foundations of political CSR. Journal of Management Studies, 53(3), 463–493. DOI:

Mostepaniuk, A., Nasr, E., Awwad, R. I., Hamdan, S., & Aljuhmani, H. Y. (2022). Managing a Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability: A Systematic Review. Sustainability, 14(18), 11203. DOI:

Nakyeyune, G. K., Bananuka, J., Tumwebaze, Z., & Kezaabu, S. (2022). Knowledge management practices and sustainability reporting: the mediating role of intellectual capital. Journal of Money and Business Emerald Publishing Limited. Pp1-24. DOI:

Oquaye, M., Owusu, G., & Bokpin, G. (2022). The antecedents and consequence of financial wellbeing: a survey of parlimentarians in Ghana. Review of Behavioral Finance, 14(1), 68-90. DOI:

Rela, I. Z., Awang, A. H., Ramli, Z., Md Sum, S., & Meisanti, M. (2020). Effects of environmental corporate social responsibility on environmental wellbeing perception and the mediation role of community resilience. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 27(5), 2176-2187. DOI:

Ringle, Christian M., Wende, Sven, & Becker, Jan-Michael. (2022). SmartPLS 4. Oststeinbek: SmartPLS

Ruokonen, E., & Temmes, A. (2019). The approaches of strategic environmental management used by mining companies in Finland. Journal of cleaner production, 210, 466-476. DOI:

Stapa, S. H., Bakar, K. A., & Hashim, F. (2019). Attitudes and Motivation of the Young Generation towards the Palm Oil Industry. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 10(1), 117–130. DOI:

Su, L., & Swanson, S. R. (2019). Perceived corporate social responsibility's impact on the wellbeing and supportive green behaviors of hotel employees: The mediating role of the employee-corporate relationship. Tourism management, 72, 437-450. DOI:




How to Cite

Johan, Z. J., Hafit, N. I. A. ., Canggih, C. ., & Zamri, N. A. F. (2023). Determinants of FELDA Settlers’ Wellbeing and Sustainability: The mediating role of corporate responsibility. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 8(23), 177–183.



Rural Environment / Rural Psychology