Beyond the Monarch: Rulers and the Policy Environment in Malaysia and the United Kingdom


  • Norazlina Abdul Aziz Faculty of Law, Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Hartini Saripan Faculty of Law, Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Mazlina Mohamad Mangsor Faculty of Law, Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Rosa Ristawati Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia



Monarchy System, Ruler, Policy Environment, Malaysia and UK Constitution


The study explores the intricacies of rulers' contribution to the policy environment in both Malaysia and the United Kingdom. The study aims to investigate the mechanisms through which monarchs exercise their influence on the policymaking process. The research offers insights into the dynamic forces of monarchical influence within policy environments, considering factors including political culture, constitutional limitations, and the rulers' inclinations. The research collected the primary data from semi-structured interviews with five respondents and focus group discussions. This study discovers that the exercise of power by the monarchy has led to constitutional challenges in judiciary activities.


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How to Cite

Abdul Aziz, N., Saripan, H., Mohamad Mangsor, M., & Rosa Ristawati. (2023). Beyond the Monarch: Rulers and the Policy Environment in Malaysia and the United Kingdom. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 8(26), 301–306.

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