E-REKAD: Enhancing students’ understanding of visual art education in Malaysian schools


  • Siti Zuraida Maaruf Department of Art Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Nor Hafiza Department of Art Education, Fairview International School Subang Jaya, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Nur Shakila Izzati Department of TESL, Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Nur Nabihah Department of Education Foundation and Humanities, Faculty of Education, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Wang Ling Department of Art and Design, Chengdu Academy of Fine Arts, Xindu District, Chengdu, China




Teaching Module, Scaffolding, Interior Design, Visual Arts Education


This study addresses the contemporary approach of integrating digital technology into education, focusing on developing the Interior Design Digital Module (e-RekaD) as a teaching aid for Form Four Visual Arts Education. Following the ADDIE model, the research employed a descriptive quantitative design with qualitative data. The need analysis involved five experts and identified a significant demand for the module to enhance student understanding. Visual Art teachers showed enthusiasm for digital integration, anticipating improved pedagogical skills, especially in digital literacy. Overall, the study highlights the imperative role of digital modules in advancing Interior Design education within the framework of Education 4.0.


Ahmad Suffian Asmawi bin Ponijan, Mohamad Faizuan bin Mat & Sarah Naemah Aman Leong (2019). The Visual Arts Education Crisis in Malaysia: Placement of Students into the Arts Curricular Stream at the Upper Secondary Level in Malaysian Secondary Schools. Published by ITB Journal Publisher, ISSN: 2337-5795, DOI: 10.5614/j.vad.2019.11.2.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5614/j.vad.2019.11.2.1

Alawad, A. (2013). Technologies in the art classroom: Using technologies in art classrooms to overcome cultural limitations to support teaching and learning. Journal of Fine and Studio Art, 3(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.5897/jfsa11.005

Jovita F. Punzalan (2018) The Impact of Visual Arts in Students’ Academic Performance. International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 6 No. 7. Pages 121-130.

Halili, S. H. B., & Sulaiman, H. (2018). Designing An Educational Module for Malaysian Students Living In Urban. Int. J. of Pedagogies & Learning, 13(1), 61-75.).

Harozila Ramlia, Tajul Shuhaizam Saidb, Mohamad NurHanif Bin Hazmanc, Syamrul Nizam Abdul Malekd, Ridzuan Hussine (2019). The Development and Evaluation of an Interactive Multimedia Module for the Topic of Art Elements of the Visual Art Education Subject. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change. Volume 10, Issue 6.

Kalamatianou, M., & Hatzigianni, M. (2018). Teaching Visual Arts with Digital Technologies. In International perspectives on early childhood education and development (pp. 197–213). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6484-5_13 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6484-5_13

Kamarudin Ismail, Rosnah Ishak, Fanny Kho Chee Yuet (2020). Proposed Professional Learning Communities Model for Malaysian Schools: Using a Design Development Research. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change. www.ijicc.net Volume 13, Issue 1, 2020

Mei, K. T., Khalip, M., Omar, A, K., Measuring teacher competency for the era of Education 4.0: A study in Malaysian secondary schools. (2022b). Asian Journal of University Education, 18(4), 966–980. https://doi.org/10.24191/ajue.v18i4.20006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24191/ajue.v18i4.20006

Method.Richey, R. C., & Klein, J. D. (2007). Design and Development Research: Methods, Strategies, and Issues. United States of America: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Maaruf, S. Z., Mohammad, F., & Kamal, A. A. (2022). Scaffolding the Visual Arts Classroom with ‘I-GEP’ – Infographic on ‘Elements and Principles of Design’ for Secondary Schools. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 11(4), 558–569. DOI: https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARPED/v11-i4/15878

Maaruf, S. Z., Mohd Salleh, A., & Othman, N. F. (2019). The development of (ArtHis) interactive module in teaching and learning art history. Social and Management Research Journal (SMRJ), 16(2), 59-78. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24191/smrj.v16i2.7063

Ochshorn (2016) Shofiyati, A., Retnoningsih, A., & Ridlo, S. (2020). Development of learning modules discovery learning models based on results of plant identification in school environments. Journal of Innovative Science Education, 9(1), 19-27. Testing the Validity and Reliability of the “Learn, Pick, Flip, Check, Reward” (LPFCR) Card Game in Homophone Comprehension. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(1), 22–32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v10-i1/6803

Sabron, M. Z. M., Hashim, R., Abdullah, A. N., & Shamsudin, N. M. (2020). Humanizing Technology: Smartphone usage in the learning environment. Environment-behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(13), 107. https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v5i13.1958 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v5i13.1958

Shamsudin, N. M., & Yunus, M. M. (2022). Mirror..Mirror on the wall Are we real in Reality? Virtual Reality Learning Application in Malaysian Education. Environment-behaviour Proceedings Journal, 7(19), 111–117. https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v7i19.3245 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v7i19.3245

Shangguan, C., Wang, Z., Gong, S., Guo, Y., & Xu, S. (2020). More attractive or more interactive? The Effects of Multi-Leveled Emotional Design on Middle School students’ multimedia learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.03065 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.03065

Xing, L. Y., & Fadzil, H. B. M. (2021). Content Analysis of Malaysian Form Two Science Textbook. MOJES: Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 9(1), 51-69.




How to Cite

Maaruf, S. Z., Fadzir , N. H., Rusli , N. S. I., Mohd Nizar , N. N., & Wang, W. L. (2024). E-REKAD: Enhancing students’ understanding of visual art education in Malaysian schools. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 9(27), 91–96. https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v9i27.5339