Bosch’s Brush: Imagination and Reality in 15th-Century Dutch


  • Jingwen Ding School of Arts, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Shahrul Anuar Shaari School of Arts, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Hoey Chin Christy Tong Training and Development Department, The Wits Training Agency, Kepong, Malaysia
  • Long Zhang Hebei Academy of Fine Arts, Hebei, China



Hieronymus Bosch, 15th-century Netherlands, Iconography, Formal Analysis


This study examines the sociocultural and psychological aspects present in Hieronymus Bosch's renowned artworks, "The Gardens of Earthly Delights" and "The Last Judgment," utilising historiography, iconography, and an analytical checklist. The findings revealed that intricate stories question established social standards and add to a deep sociocultural conversation, uncovering a diverse range of societal stories that enrich the comprehension of the complex and numerous elements of quality of life in the 15th-century Netherlands. The visionary art of Bosch has a significant impact on the ongoing sociocultural conversation, encouraging deep contemplation of the complexities of existence in the 15th century, which improves the quality of life.


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How to Cite

Ding, J., Shaari, S. A., Tong, H. C. C., & Zhang, L. (2024). Bosch’s Brush: Imagination and Reality in 15th-Century Dutch . Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 9(27), 73–79.