Visible Learning: Private Institution Lecturers’ Perspectives on Enhancing the Quality of Teaching Life


  • Hoey Chin Christy Tong Faculty of Education, Languages, Psychology and Music, SEGi University, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia
  • Gurnam Kaur Sidhu Faculty of Education, Languages, Psychology and Music, SEGi University, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia
  • Ruoyu Wang School of Foreign Languages, Guangdong University of Science and Technology, Dongguan City, China



Quality Learning Environment


Enhancing the quality of teaching promotes a sustainable educational ecosystem, hence recognising the importance of Visible Learning. This study aimed to explore lecturers’ perspectives of Visible Learning and the predictor mindframes of Visible Learning, which significantly contributed to the student’s academic achievement. This study adopted a mixed-methods approach involving 93 lecturers in a private university. The findings revealed that lecturers positively viewed Visible Learning and believed that providing feedback, knowing the impact of their teaching, and engaging students impacted students’ academic achievement. The results suggest that comprehensive training and support must be provided to ensure continuous quality of teaching life.


Abuhassna, H., & Alnawajha, S. (2023). Instructional design made easy! Instructional design models, categories, frameworks, educational context, and recommendations for future work. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 13(4), 715–735. DOI:

Anuar, R., Abidin, S. Z., Zakaria, W. Z., & Din, S. C. (2020). The TPSACK framework implementation in measuring the technological, pedagogical, skills and content knowledge by using courseware. Environment Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(S13), 217-223. DOI:

Banihashem, S. K., Farrokhnia, M., Badali, M., & Noroozi, O. (2022). The impacts of constructivist learning design and learning analytics on students’ engagement and self-regulation. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 59(4), 442-452, DOI:

Buari, N. H., & Alim, H. W. (2020). Comparison of academic motivation in different phases of optometry studies. Environment Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(15), 57-63. DOI:

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2022). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (6th ed.). SAGE Publications.

Dettori, J. R., & Norvell, D. C. (2020). Kappa and beyond: Is there agreement? Global Spine Journal, 10(4), 499-501. DOI:

Ewing, R., Kervin, L., Mantei, J., O’Mara, J., & Smith, D. L. (2022). What does it mean to be a reflective practitioner in education? In R. Ewing, F. Waugh, & D. L. Smith, Reflective practice in education and social work (pp. 41-58). Routledge. DOI:

Hair, J. F., Page, M., & Brunsveld, N. (2020). Essentials of business research methods (4th ed.). Routledge. DOI:

Hattie, J. (2012). Visible learning for teachers: Maximizing impact on learning. Routledge. DOI:

Hattie, J. (2023). John Hattie on the factors that influence learning In schools. Social Sciene Space:

Hattie, J., & Zierer, K. (2017). 10 Mindframes for Visible Learning: Teaching for success. Routledge. DOI:

Leoanak, S. P., & Amalo, B. K. (2018). Teacher’s behaviour towards students’ motivation practice. SHS Web of Conferences, 42(1), 00078. DOI:

Marantika, J. E. (2021). Metacognitive ability and autonomous learning strategy in improving learning outcomes. Journal of Education and Learning, 15(1), 88-96. DOI:

Mohamad, M. H. (2022). Malaysian graduate employability challenge. Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia:

Munna, A. S., & Kalam, M. A. (2021). Teaching and learning process to enhance teaching effectiveness: A literature review. International Journal of Humanities and Innovation, 4(1), 1-4. DOI:

Osiris Educational. (n.d.). What is Visible Learning (VL)?

Prime Minister's Department. (2021). Twelfth Malaysia Plan 2021-2025: A prosperious, inclusive, sustainable Malaysia. Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Berhad.

Selvaraj, A. M., Azman, H., & Wahi, W. (2021). Teachers’ feedback practice and students’ academic achievement: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 20(1), 308-322. DOI:

Stratton, S. (2021). Population research: Convenience sampling strategies. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 36(4), 373-374. DOI:

Tong, H.C. & Sidhu, G.K. (2022). Enhancing outcome-based education via visible learning. Journal of Positive School Psychology, 6(4), 6708-6716.

Tong, H. C., Sidhu, G. K., & Wang, R. (2023). Perspectives of Visible Learning for Quality Learning Environment: A Case Study. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 8(25), 79–85. DOI:

Zanchetta, M. S., Metersky, K., & Nazzal, A. (2022). Awakening undergraduate nursing students’ critical awareness about men's Hhalth, health literacy and nursing practice. The Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 55(3), 388-403. DOI:

Zierer, K. (2017). Mind frames are more important than structures: Questions of educational reform and people as the answer. Educational Research and Reviews, 12(16), 772-782. DOI:




How to Cite

Tong, H. C. C., Sidhu, G. K., & Wang, R. (2023). Visible Learning: Private Institution Lecturers’ Perspectives on Enhancing the Quality of Teaching Life. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 8(26), 189–195.



Educational / Learning Environment

Similar Articles

1 2 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.