Factors Contributing to Depressive Disorder among Patients with Retroviral Disease

Authors

  • Nor Hidayah Jaris Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Suresh Kumar Chidambaram Department of Medicine, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Razali Salleh Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Salmi Razali Department of Psychiatry; Institute of Pathology, Laboratory and Forensic Medicine (I-PPerForM)Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5i14.2336

Abstract

Major depressive disorder (MDD) increases further morbidity and mortality of patients with retroviral disease (RVD) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of MDD and its contributing factors among them. Depressive symptoms were screened using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), and MDD was diagnosed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Of the total 210 RVD patients, 27(12.9%) had MDD. The contributing factors for MDD include amphetamine-type stimulants use, social support system, and CD4 count. Interventions for RVD patients should include counselling for those abusing drugs, increasing support system and adherence to treatment.   

Keywords: Retroviral Disease, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Depression, Support system.   

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2020. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer-review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.   
DOI:

Published

2020-07-01

How to Cite

Jaris, N. H. ., Chidambaram, S. K. ., Salleh, M. R. ., & Razali, S. . (2020). Factors Contributing to Depressive Disorder among Patients with Retroviral Disease. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(14), 83-89. https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5i14.2336

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