Attitudes toward Environmental Democracy among Urban Communities


  • Rugayah Hashim
  • Nurul Dalina Mohamad Ristak
  • Normarliana Laili



With global warming and climate change, the demands for food and water have challenged governments and civil societies. In environmental democracy, governments’ transparent processes will see positive citizen-centric developments. Through quantitative research design 384 questionnaires were administered to residents in Johor Bharu, Johor, Malaysia. The findings revealed significant, positive attitude towards environmental democracy. From the three variables, community knowledge is rated the most influential predictor towards environmental democracy. The implication from this study showed that the communities are concerned with environmental issues in the district as participation and volunteerism will ensure the wellbeing of their flora and fauna.

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: environmental democracy; sustainable development; civil society; attitude


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How to Cite

Hashim, R., Mohamad Ristak, N. D., & Laili, N. (2016). Attitudes toward Environmental Democracy among Urban Communities. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(3), 33-42.



Community Environment / Social Psychology

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