Establishing the Malay Landscape Elements through Islamic Garden Perspective


  • Nur Huzeima Mohd Hussain
  • Khalilah Hassan
  • Norizan Mt Akhir



Beliefs and interpretations from the Islamic concept have influenced the emergence and extensions of many landscape designs including the Malay landscape.  This paper reviews the significant relation between the Malay landscape and Islamic garden concept through established references.  The main intention is to identify, analyzing and establishing the landscape elements, design characteristic and their functions as the research attributes.  This paper uses the imagery evidence from the Quran to support the study analyses and discussions.  The conclusions will lead towards all possible dimensions of Islamic Malay landscape in cultural, traditional and sustainability context for future resilient.

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Malay; landscape; element; Islamic concept


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How to Cite

Mohd Hussain, N. H., Hassan, K., & Mt Akhir, N. (2016). Establishing the Malay Landscape Elements through Islamic Garden Perspective. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(3), 183-192.

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