Reflecting Leadership Effectiveness via Food-hygiene Practices


  • Mazni Saad
  • Mohamad Faiz Foong Abdullah
  • Mohammad Halim Jeinie
  • Rosita Husain



Good leadership may implicate and reflect positive actions and effective hygiene practices. This study aims to encourage and disseminate the importance of the use of technological tools in detecting risks in Food-hygiene Practices in six government-controlled training centers. The survey and scientific swab method elicited data on leadership effectiveness (LE) prevalent in these organizations, focusing mainly on their impact on human health and the environment. The regression analysis shows that LE significantly affects perception and actual Food-hygiene Practices. The large effect sizes of significance difference for both practices were also detected. Accordingly, recommendations and limitations are highlighted in this study.

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Food safety; food-hygiene practice; leadership effectiveness; Malaysia 


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How to Cite

Saad, M., Foong Abdullah, M. F., Jeinie, M. H., & Husain, R. (2016). Reflecting Leadership Effectiveness via Food-hygiene Practices. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(3), 268-278.

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