Manifestation of work-life balance in the Malaysian banking workforce: Transformational leadership the potent enabler

Authors

  • Azzarina Zakaria
  • Muhamad Khalil Omar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v1i4.388

Abstract

 

Baby Boomers are soon reaching their retirement and the workforce vacancies will inevitably occupied by the Xers and Millennials. The two younger cohorts are drastically different from their senior echelon where work-life balance is of utmost important to them. Transformational leadership is claimed as the potent enabler to the practice of work-life balance. Consequently, this study aimed to examine the extent of the relationship between the two. Questionnaires were distributed to two domestic banks. Findings reported the relationship between transformational leadership and work-life balance. No differences, however, are shown between demographic profiles of gender, marital status and age about work-life balance.

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Work-life balace; Transformational leadership; Banking

 

Baby Boomers are soon reaching their retirement and the workforce vacancies will inevitably occupied by the Xers and Millennials. The two younger cohorts are drastically different from their senior echelon where work-life balance is of utmost important to them. Transformational leadership is claimed as the potent enabler to the practice of work-life balance. Consequently, this study aimed to examine the extent of the relationship between the two. Questionnaires were distributed to two domestic banks. Findings reported the relationship between transformational leadership and work-life balance. No differences, however, are shown between demographic profiles of gender, marital status and age about work-life balance.

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Work-life balace; Transformational leadership; Banking

 

References

Adame, C., Caplliure, E., & José Miquel, M. (2016). Work-life balance and firms: A matter of women?. Journal of Business Research, 69(4), 1370-1383.

Bass, B.M. (1990). Handbook of leadership: Theory, research & management applications (3rd ed.). New York: The Free Press.

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1992). Multifactor leadership questionnaire-short form 6S. Binghamton, NY: Center for Leadership Studies.

Bakker, A.B., & Demerouti, E. (2007). The job demands-resources model: States of the Art. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22, 309-328.

Beutell, N. J., & Wittig-Berman, U. (2008). Work-family conflict and work-family synergy for generation X, baby boomers, and matures: Generational differences, predictors, and satisfaction outcomes. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(5), 507-523.

Dash, M., Anand, V., & Gangadharan, A. (2012). Perceptions of work-life balance among IT professionals. The IUP Journal of Organizational Behavior, XI(1), 51-65.

Dessler, G. (2015). Human Resource Management. Boston: Pearson.

DeVellis, R.F. (2012. Scale development: Theory and applications (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Drew, M., & Murtagh, A.M. (2005). Work-life balance: Senior management champions or laggards, Women in Management Review, 20(4), 262-278.

Kinman, G., & Jones, F. (2003). 'Running up the down escalator': Stressors and strains in UK academics. Quality in Higher Education, 9(1), 21-38.

Kumarasamy, M.M., Pangil, F., & Isa, M.F. (2015). Individual, Organizational and Environmental Factors Affecting Work-Life Balance. Asian Social Science, 11(25), 111-123.

Omar, M.K., & Zakaria, A. (2015). Conceptualising Work-Life Balance; Extension of Work-Family Balance. Advanced Science Letters, 21(6), 2155-2158.

Parakandi, M., & Behery, M. (2016). Sustainable human resources: Examining the status of organizational work–life balance practices in the United Arab Emirates. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 55(C), 1370-1379.

Rowold, J., & Schlotz, W. (2009). Transformational and TransactionalLeadership and Followers’ Chronic Stress. Kravis Leadership Institute, Leadership Review, 9, 35-48.

Shanafelt, T.D., Hasan, O., Drybye, L.N., Sinsky, C., Satele, D., et al., Sloan, J., & West, C.P. (2015). Changes in Burnout and Satisfaction With Work-Life Balance in Physicians and the General US Working Population Between 2011 and 2014. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 90(12), 1600-1613.

Syrek, C.J., Apostel, E., & Antoni, C.H. (2013). Stress in highly demanding IT jobs: transformational leadership moderates the impact of time pressure on exhaustion and work-life balance. Journal Occupational Health and Psychology, 18(3), 252-261.

Valcour, M. (2007). Work-based resources as moderators of the relationship between work hours and satisfaction with work–family balance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(6), 1512–1523.

Wang, P., & Walumbwa, F.O. (2007) Family friendly programs, organizational commitment, and work withdrawal: The moderating role of transformational leadership, Personnel Psychology, 60, 397-427.

Published

2016-08-23

How to Cite

Zakaria, A., & Omar, M. K. (2016). Manifestation of work-life balance in the Malaysian banking workforce: Transformational leadership the potent enabler. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(4), 279-287. https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v1i4.388