Conceptual Framework for the Intervention on Childhood Obesity Management for School Health Nurses and School children in Malaysia.
Keywords:obesity, school children, school nurses, conceptual framework
This article aims to present the conceptual framework for the Intervention Health Educational Module and C.H.A.N.G.E design on Childhood Obesity Management for School Health Nurses towards obese school children. Social Cognitive theory, Urie Bronfenbrenner, and Kolb's model of Learning Styles and Experiential Learning will be used in this study to modify and make changes on the knowledge, attitude, behavior, and environment among obese school children. This study aims to provide a new model on the development of the professional role of nurses in the School Health Program (SHP) and health education promotion towards obese school children to improve their quality of life.
Keywords: obesity; school children; school nurses; conceptual framework
eISSN: 2398-4287 © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Ahmad Husairi K. 2014. Program Bersepadu Sekolah Sihat. Available at https://prezi.com/ qvs0ue4jes3y/program-bersepadu-sekolah-sihat-pbss/ (accessed 10 July 2018)
Bandura, A.( 2001). Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective. Ann Rev of Psych. 52:1-26. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.1
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological models of human development. Readings on the Development of Children. https://doi.org/http://www.psy.cmu.edu/~siegler/35bronfebrenner94.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2014. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2014
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2018, October 26). Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/index.html
The Nutrition Society of Malaysia. (2014). Nutriweb. Retrieved from http://www.nutriweb.org.my
Centers For Disease Control And Prevention. (2014). 2014 State Indicator Report on Physical Activity. Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC). https://doi.org/10.3945/an.114.007211
Dali, W. P. E. W., Mohamed, H. J. J., & Yusoff, H. (2017). Nutrition knowledge, attitude and practices (NKAP) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) status among overweight and obese children: An analysis of baseline data from the interactive multimedia-based nutrition education package(IMNEP) study. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 23(1), 17–29.
Hoque, K. E., Kamaluddin, M. A., Abdul Razak, A. Z., & Abdul Wahid, A. A. (2016). Building healthy eating habits in childhood: a study of the attitudes, knowledge and dietary habits of schoolchildren in Malaysia. PeerJ, 4, e2651. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2651
Jalloh,M.G.(2007).Health education careers in schools. The Health Education Monography,24(1),18-22
Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia. (2013). Panduan, Garis Dan, Pemeriksaan Kesihatan, Pengendalian Untuk, Murid Pasukan, Anggota Sekolah, Kesihatan. (Unit Kesihatan Sekolah, Ed.), Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (1st ed., Vol. 1). Cawangan Kesihatan Keluarga, Bahagian Pembangunan Kesihatan keluarga, Jabatan Kesihatan Awam, Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia.
Kliemann, N., Beeken, R. J., Wardle, J., & Johnson, F. (2016). Development and validation of the Self-Regulation of Eating Behaviour Questionnaire for adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0414-6
Kowalski, K. C., Ph, D., Crocker, P. R. E., & Donen, R. M. (2004). The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children ( PAQ-C ) and Adolescents ( PAQ-A ) Manual. Recreation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.08.021.Secreted
Krista, Travers, J., & Smaldone, A. (2016). Are School Nurses an Overlooked Resource in Reducing Childhood Obesity? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Journal of School Health, 86(5), 309–321. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12386
Maughan, Erin & Bobo, Nichole & Butler, Sarah & Schantz, Shirley. (2016). Framework for 21st Century School Nursing Practice: National Association of School Nurses. NASN School Nurse. 31. 45-53. 10.1177/1942602X15618644.
Ministry of Health Malaysia. (2015). Malaysian Dietary Guidelines. Retrieved from http://www.nutriweb.org.my/downloads.pdf
Melin, A., & Lenner, R. A. (2009). Prevention of further weight gain in overweight school children, a pilot study. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2008.00651.x
National Health and Morbidity Survey 2015 (NHMS, 2015). (2015). National Health and Morbidity Survey 2015 (NHMS 2015). Vol. II: Non-Communicable Diseases, Risk Factors & Other Health Problems. Ministry of health (Vol. II). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Nordin, R., Said, N., Nordin, F. F., & Adnan, N. F. (2018). Influence of Parental Feeding Attitude , Style and Environmental Factors on BMI among School Children. Environment-Behaviour Procedings Journal, 3(7)(6th AicQoL2018PerhentianIsland), 19–24.
Noor Ghani, Sirajoon & Yadav, Hematram. (2008). Health Care in Malaysia. University Malaya Press. ISBN 978-983-100-444-9
Nursing Board Malaysia. (1998). Code of Professional Conduct for Nurses. (Nursing Board Malaysia, Ed.), Nursing, Board Malaysia (First Edit, Vol. 99). Malaysia. Retrieved from http://nursing.moh.gov.my/wpcontent/uploads/2015/04/nursing_board_malaysia-code_of_professional_conduct_1998.pdf
Pbert L, Druker S, Gapinski MA, et al. A school nurse-delivered intervention for overweight and obese adolescents. J Sch Health. 2013;83(3):182-193.
Pelletier, M. (2015). The School Nurse Teacher ’ s Role in Preventing Childhood Obesity at School.
Sharifah, W. W., Nur, H. H., Ruzita, a T., Roslee, R., & Reilly, J. J. (2011). The Malaysian Childhood Obesity Treatment Trial (MASCOT). Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 17, 229–236.
Schey, K. L., Luther, J. M., & Rose, K. L. (2016). Are School Nurses an Overlooked Resource in Reducing Childhood Obesity? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis., 86(5), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.5b00094.Serotonin
Souza, K. M. M. de, Carvalho, P. M. S., Freitas, T. Á. S. De, Matins, R. A., Timbó, T. S., Cavalcante, T. G., … Junior, W. F. A. (2015). Promoting Healthy Living in Childhood: An Action Research. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 1695–1699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.823
Thivel D, Isacco L, Lazaar N, Aucouturier J, Ratel S, Dore E, Meyer M & Duche P (2011). Effect of a 6-month school-based physical activity program on body composition and physical fitness in lean and obese schoolchildren. Eur J Pediatr 170 (11): 1435- 43.
Tucker, S., & Lanningham-Foster, L. M. (2015). Nurse-Led School-Based Child Obesity Prevention. The Journal of School Nursing, 31(6), 450–466. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059840515574002
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). (2014). Healthy people 2020.Washington, DC: USA. Retrieved from: https://www.healthypeople.gov /2020/topics- objectives/topic/nutrition-and-weight-status/objectivesWater,
Wardle, J., Guthrie, C., Sanderson, S., & Rapoport, L. (2001). Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
Yadav, Hematram & Chong, Mei & Teik Lan, See. (2019). Community Health Nursing. Second Edition.
How to Cite
eISSN: 2398-4287 © Year. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.