Quantifying Carbon Footprint in University Campus

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Abstract


A carbon footprint is the number of greenhouse gases, released into the atmosphere by particular human activity. A carbon footprint can be a broad measured or be applied to the actions of an individual, a family, an event, an organization, or even an entire nation. Carbon footprint is also the sum of all emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), which were induced by activities in a given time frame. Usually, a carbon footprint is calculated for a year. This study will use the GHG Protocol Corporate Standard from the perspective of a business that developing a GHG inventory. It applies equally to other types of organizations with operations that give rise to GHG emissions, such as government agencies, and universities. Firstly, a university has to determine its organizational boundaries in terms of the operations that it owns or controls. These boundaries involve in identifying emissions associated with its services, categorizing them as direct and indirect emissions, and choosing the scope of accounting and reporting for indirect emissions. The greenhouse gas emission in the campus is caused by activities or accumulated over the life stages of the product or services, expressed by CO2. 6 types of Gases contribute to carbon emission; CO2, methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). The concept of “scope” is used to help delineate direct and indirect emission sources, improve transparency, and provide utility for different types of organizations and various types of climate policies and business goals. These three “scopes” (scope 1, scope 2, and scope 3) are defined for GHG accounting and reporting purposes. This paper aims to review approaches in quantifying carbon footprint on campus. The objectives are to identify methods in evaluating carbon footprint in the university, identifying the database of carbon footprint and creating a framework of campus carbon footprint quantification. The primary sources of carbon footprint are from transportation, electricity production, industry, commercial and residential, agriculture, and land use and forestry. The combination of these sources will reflect the total carbon footprint in a year on campus. The significance of this study is the establishment of a carbon footprint framework in a campus environment. This study also will help to delineate direct and indirect emission sources, improve transparency, and provide utility for different types of organizations and different.


Keywords: Campus; Carbon Footprint; Environment; Greenhouse Gases; CO2




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i12.1765

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