Towards a More Sustainable and Inclusive Compensation Plan for Orang Asli: Telom HEP, Pahang, Malaysia


  • Jamalunlaili Abdullah
  • Razmi Chik
  • Ahmad Shazrin Mohamed Azmi
  • Noraziah Abu Bakar



A hydroelectric project proposed by Tenaga Nasional Berhad in Telom, Pahang, Malaysia will inundate six Orang Asli villagers whose residents have relocated to a new resettlement. However, TNB still needs their agreements and provide fair and agreeable compensation. This paper analyzes the process associated with the exercise. It is a descriptive analysis of activities conducted in preparing the plans as well as principles and values considered in calculating the proposed compensation and resettlement. It is hoped that the more sensitive and inclusive approach can be emulated in future projects affecting Orang Asli and others affected by developments

© 2016. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies, Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Keywords: Orang Asli; compensation plan; resettlement plan; Telom Hydroelectric Project


Ab.Hadi, M. Y., Roddin, R., Razzaq, A. R. A., Mustafa, M. Z., & Baser, J. A. (2013). Poverty eradication through vocational education (tourism) among indigenous people communities in Malaysia: Pro-poor Tourism Approach (PPT). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 93, 1840–1844. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.127.

Alias, A., & Daud, M.N. (2011). SAKA: Adequate compensations for Orang Asli native land, Batu Pahat, Malaysia: Universiti Tun Hussein Onn.

Government of Malaysia. (2010). Aboriginal people Act 1954 (Act 134), Pub. L. No Act 134 (1954), Kuala Lumpur: Government Printer.

Jabatan Kemajuan Orang Asli Malaysia. (2015). Portal Rasmi Jabatan Kemajuan Orang Asli. Retrieved from

Jalong, T. (2013). Universal periodic review of malaysia (2013) by indigenous peoples network of Malaysia (JOAS) (Review). Penampang, Sabah: Indigenous peoples network of Malaysia. Retrieved from

Jamalunlaili Abdullah, Nazura Mohammed Sayuti, Afiza Azura Mohamad Arshad, & Mohd Ruzed Embong. (2015). Living condition in Orang Asli resettlement project (PROSDET) of Pantos, Pahang, Malaysia. Proceedings of AMER International Conference on Quality of Life, Jakarta, Indonesia 25-27 April 2015.

Jamalunlaili Abdullah, & Mohammad Al-Aiman Borkhan. (2015). Orang Asli resettlement in urban environment at Bukit Lanjan, Selangor, Malaysia. Proceeding AcE-Bs 2015 Tehran, Asian Conference on Human Behavior Studies 21st February 2015.

Karim, H. A., & Hashim, A. H. (2012). The effect of a resettlement scheme on the social-cultural changes of the Temuan community. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 42, 362–373. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.04.200.

Othman, C. N., Lamin, R. A. C., Farooqui, M., Sihab, N., & Said, S. M. (2012). Lifestyle related diseases amongst Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia-case study. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 36, 383–392. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.03.042.

Persatuan Aliran Kesedaraan Negara (Aliran). (2010, November 4). Bantahan dasar pemberimilikan tanah Orang Asli. ALIRAN. Retrieved from

World Commission on Dams (WCD). (2000). Dams and development: A new framework for decision-making.



How to Cite

Abdullah, J., Chik, R., Mohamed Azmi, A. S., & Abu Bakar, N. (2016). Towards a More Sustainable and Inclusive Compensation Plan for Orang Asli: Telom HEP, Pahang, Malaysia. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 1(1), 52-57.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>