A Comparative Study of Female Retirement Awareness and Readiness in Malaysia and China


  • Jing Yuan SEGi University, Graduate School of Business (GSB), Kota Damansara, Malaysia
  • Kim Mee Chong SEGi University Kota Damansara, Graduate School of Business, Malaysia.
  • Ivy Siaw Hung Hii Curtin University, Faculty of Business, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Hao Lun Li Bureau of Industry and Information Technology, Lian Chi District, Bao Ding, China




Female Retirement Planning, Comparing Malaysia and China, Gender Equality, Quality of Life


A phenomenon has emerged whereby the life expectancy of women is 74.2 years, and men's is 69.8 years. Hence, it is crucial to encourage early retirement planning among women. This study explores the factors influencing retirement planning awareness and readiness among women in Malaysia and China. 100 Malaysians and 200 Chinese completed a self-administered online questionnaire. Using IBM SPSS and SmartPLS, the determinants examined the moderating effect of self-efficacy toward retirement readiness. This study will provide valuable insights for policymakers to adopt better strategies to address women's issues and improve their quality of life.


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How to Cite

Yuan, J. ., Chong, K. M., Hii, I. S. H. ., & Li, H. L. . (2023). A Comparative Study of Female Retirement Awareness and Readiness in Malaysia and China. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 8(24), 151–162. https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v8i24.4639

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