Sustainability of Smart Cities in Malaysia and the Philippines using ESG Model


  • Kim Mee Chong SEGi University Kota Damansara
  • Geetha Subramaniam SEGi University, Faculty of Education, Language Psychology & Music, Kota Damansara, Malaysia
  • Rashid Ating Universiti Malaya, Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS), Malaysia
  • Lenis Aislinn C. Separa Research Management Office, Polytechnic University of the Philippines Bataan Branch, Philippines, & School of Communication, Journalism and Marketing, Massey University Wellington, New Zealand
  • Tze Horng Tan Riam Institute of Technology, School of Business, Miri, Sarawak



Smart Cities, Benchmarking, Quality of Life, SDG 11


Using the environmental, social and governance (ESG) model, this study examines the sustainability of local communities living in smart cities in Malaysia and the Philippines. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 400 respondents living in smart cities in Malaysia and the Philippines. PLS-SEM was used to analyse the data using the Singapore smart city initiatives framework. Findings show that local communities' awareness, perception and readiness to participate in the smart city initiatives impact smart city sustainability. In line with SDG 11, towards a more sustainable city, the study provides micro-level data to show the significance of local communities who are ultimately the end-users.


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How to Cite

Chong, K. M., Subramaniam, G., Ating, R., Separa, L. A. C., & Tan, T. H. (2022). Sustainability of Smart Cities in Malaysia and the Philippines using ESG Model . Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 7(22), 145–155.

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