Effect of Caring Behaviour: A Study Protocol of Caring-based Education Program


  • Siti Aishah Ishak 1 Center for Nursing Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiTM Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia 2 Nursing Department, Kulim Hospital, Taman Kulim Hi-tech, 09090 Kulim, Kedah, Malaysia
  • Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni 1 Center for Nursing Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiTM Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nordianna Seman 1 Center for Nursing Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiTM Selangor, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Septa Katmawanti 3 Public Health Department, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, East Java, Indonesia




Caring Behaviour , Caring Efficacy , Healthy Work Environment , Critical Care Nurses


Caring behaviour is essential and crucial to nursing, and it has become an important component in providing appropriate nursing care to patients. This study aims to determine the effect(s) of a caring-based education program on critical care nurses' caring behaviour, efficacy, and work environment. This study will employ a quasi-experimental design with two groups: control (n = 40) and intervention (n = 40) from critical care settings in Penang public hospitals. The data will be analyzed using descriptive and inferential analysis; Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and paired t-test.


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How to Cite

Ishak, S. A., Ahmad Sharoni, S. K., Seman , N., & Septa Katmawanti. (2024). Effect of Caring Behaviour: A Study Protocol of Caring-based Education Program. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 9(27), 447–453. https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v9i27.5780

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