An Overview of Environmental Design Relationship with School Bullying and Future Crime

Azna Abdul Wahab, Siti Rasidah Md Sakip


This article presents an overview of environmental design with school bullying and future crime. Through discussion of finding from the previous studies, gaps in criminology knowledge on bully-design link and future crime will be highlighted. Bully is a serious social problem that can give effect and impact on student’s future. The factors that contribute to bully behavior are sociodemographic, psychological, social environmental factors and physical environmental factors. The previous studies had indicated the link between bully behavior and future crime for the bully and the victim mostly. The most common location for bullying occurred on the playground, classroom, and school hallways. The bullies tend to choose a place that had narrow spaces and invisible to other people. In conclusion, this article will emphasize the need for future research in environmental design and bullying behaviour.

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bsby e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, UniversitiTeknologi MARA, Malaysia.


Environmental design; School bullying; Criminality; Crime

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