Travelling Distance for Evacuee in Multi-Storey Residential Building

Authors

  • Nurul Liyana Hanapi Centre of Studies in Architecture, Faculty of Architecture Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam, Malaysia
  • Sabarinah Sh Ahmad Centre of Studies in Architecture, Faculty of Architecture Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam, Malaysia
  • Azli Abd Razak Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5iSI3.2549

Abstract

The study on evacuation safety often an emphasis on the total evacuation time where only few research consider the distance and path needed for evacuee to evacuate the building. Thus, this study focuses on the maximum and average travelling distance need for the elderly and other evacuees in the multi-storey residential building. Pathfinder software is used in this study, and 162 simulations were tested. Results show that the escape route design and staircase condition plays a significant contribution towards occupant travel distance. Other factors such as occupancies and elderly resident also contribute to the increase in travelling distance.

Keywords: Multi-Storey, Escape Route Design, Evacuation

eISSN: 2398-4287© 2020. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bsby e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5iSI3.2549

Published

2020-12-28

How to Cite

Hanapi, N. L. ., Sh Ahmad, S. ., & Abd Razak, A. . (2020). Travelling Distance for Evacuee in Multi-Storey Residential Building. Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 5(SI3), 155-160. https://doi.org/10.21834/ebpj.v5iSI3.2549