Mapping Isolated Places in School in Concurrence with Bullying Possibility Elements

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Abstract


This study aims to indicate isolated places in school in concurrence with bullying specific environments and elements. Observation of students' density was conducted in the school and analysed using the Geographic Information System (GIS). The isolated areas were observed thoroughly using CPTED element checklist. The results of the study reveal that the CPTED element which triggers the isolated places mostly cause by maintenance condition on window and wall. Rather than that, shrubs and decorative sculpture could block the sight at isolated places. These results may help the school's authorities to optimise existing features to decrease the possibility of bullying.

 


Keywords


CPTED; physical environment; bullying

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/e-bpj.v4i12.1913

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