Carbon Conscious Consumption: Impact of expenditure and renewable energy in Malaysia


  • Norashida Othman Department of Economics and Financial Studies, Faculty of Business and Management, University Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300, Selangor
  • Farah Raihana Ismail Department of Marketing and Management, School of Business and Economics (SPE), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Malaysia
  • Siti Norida Wahab Department of Technology and Supply Chain Management Studies, Faculty of Business and Management, University Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus 42300, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Safwan Kamal Department of Zakat dan Waqf Management, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, IAIN Langsa, Langsa, Indonesia



CO2 Emissions, Consumption Expenditure, Renewable Energy Consumption, Auto-regressive Distribution Lag (ARDL)


This study aims to assess the impact of domestic consumption and renewable energy on environmental pollutants, with national income (GDP) included as a control variable. Employing the auto-regressive distributed lag (ARDL) econometric technique, the analysis spans time series data from 1990 to 2020. The bound F-test and Johansen cointegration tests validate that domestic consumption substantially contributes to environmental pollution. By addressing existing gaps in knowledge, this research provides valuable insights for shaping sustainable energy policies tailored to the unique circumstances of Malaysia.


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How to Cite

Othman, N., Ismail , F. R., Wahab, S. N., & Kamal, S. (2024). Carbon Conscious Consumption: Impact of expenditure and renewable energy in Malaysia . Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal, 9(27), 229–235.

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