Palm Oil Export and Environmental Pollution in Malaysia: Evidence from ARDL Approach
Keywords:Palm Oil Export, Agricultural Methane Emissions, ARDL Bounds Testing
This paper seeks to identify the effect of palm oil export on environmental pollutants. The National Income (GDP) and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) were also included in the model as control variables. This study employs the auto-regressive distribution lag (ARDL) econometric technique, and the analysis is based on time series data from 1990 to 2020. The bound F-test and Johansen cointegration tests confirmed that palm oil export significantly accelerates environmental pollution. However, the results from the short-run estimate explore that all the variables are insignificant. This study concludes that Malaysia should control international trade activities to deal with pollution problems.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Norashida Othman, Rabiatul Munirah Alpandi, Norrina Din, Zineb Abdulaker Benalywa
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